Volume 6, Issue 3
1) Unusual Origin of Splenic Artery: A Case Report
Author’s Details: (1)Vijayarani Choppala (2)Siva Konduru (3)T. Ramesh Rao (4)Suresh Rao
(1)Consultant Radiologist, Medical Imaging Department, EWMSC, Mount Hope Hospital, Trinidad and Tobago. (2)Consultant Radiologist, Medical Imaging Department, Sangre Grande General Hospital, Trinidad and Tobago. (3)(4)Department of Preclinical Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of The West Indies, St. Augustine Trinidad & Tobago Corresponding Author: Dr. Suresh R Rao
The splenic artery is one of the common and constant branch of the coeliac artery. Coeliac artery is one of the visceral branches of the abdominal aorta, immediately after branching out it divides into the left gastric, common hepatic and splenic arteries. Variation in the origin of the left gastric and common hepatic artery have been documented but variation in the origin of the splenic artery are rarely been reported. Variations relative to the origins of the visceral branches of the abdominal aorta have been reported by numerous investigators. However, in the course of recent routine CT to rule out aortic dissection one unusual anomalous origin of splenic artery has been encountered.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 01-04]
2) Asymmetric Impact of Financial Crisis on Stock Exchange of Malaysia and Pakistan
Author Details: Rabia Najaf –Riphah international university Islamabad Pakistan
First time global financial crisis were started from US and then it were spread in all over the world .This crisis were largest crisis of the world after the 1930s.The basic aim of this paper is to analysis the financial crisis impact on stock market performance of Pakistan and Malaysia. For this purpose, collected the data from 2003 to 2010 and applied EGARCH model .this research is showing that negative shocks have more pronounced impact on performance of both countries. This is more impact on Malaysia stock market .our suggested that Government should have focused on such types of issues that in the scenario how can control economy.
Keywords: financial crisis, Malaysia, EGARCH, Performance.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 05-10]
3) Long-Term Follow-Up of Ocular Hypertension: A Plea for Peripheral Visual Field Analysis
Author’s Details:(1)Paul Rutkowski, MD-Ophthalmologist, 282 Harison Ave., Harrison, NY, USA (2)Christian Albrecht May, MD, PhD-Department of Anatomy, TU Dresden, Dresden, Germany
This case report demonstrates the effect of the peripheral visual field analysis on the management of ocular hypertension (OHT) and early glaucoma. For 17 years, a young Caucasian male with untreated OHT showed no abnormal responses during testing of his central visual field. Five years ago a peripheral visual field test revealed a marked loss beyond the expected age-related changes demonstrating an early peripheral visual field loss of glaucoma. The intraocular pressure was lowered with continuous medication over 5 years and this lead to an improvement of his peripheral visual field loss. The peripheral Humphrey visual field 60-4 threshold test appears to be a valuable tool to diagnosis early glaucoma in OHT-suspects without apparent central visual field loss.
Key words: peripheral visual field, Humphrey visual field analysis 60-4, ocular hypertension, early glaucoma
[Download Full Paper] [Page 11-14]
4) Diplegic Dystonic Cerebral Palsy Treated With Cellular Therapy: A Case Report
Author’s Details: Dr.Alok Sharma , Dr. Nandini Gokulchandran  Mrs. Suhasini Pai *, Ms. Pooja Kulkarni , Dr. Hemangi Sane , Dr. Khushboo Bhagwanani ,Dr. Prerna Badhe .
 Department of Medical Services and Clinical research, NeuroGen Brain & Spine Institute, India
 Department of Research & Development, NeuroGen Brain & Spine Institute, India
 Department of Neurorehabilitation, NeuroGen Brain & Spine Institute, India
 Department of Regenerative Laboratory Services, NeuroGen Brain & Spine Institute, India
*Corresponding Author: Mrs. Suhasini Pai-Address: NeuroGen Brain & Spine Institute, Stem Asia Hospital and Research Centre, Sector – 40, Plot No. 19, Palm Beach Road, Seawoods (W), New Mumbai – 400706.
Cellular therapy has gained acknowledgement as a novel modality for the treatment of Cerebral Palsy (CP) due to its neuro-regenerative and neuroprotective characteristics. CP affects movement and posture in childhood causing severe neuro-disability in children. The standard therapeutic approaches are seldom effective as they do not address the underlying neural damage. In this case of 4 years 10 months old boy with diplegic dystonic CP, we administered autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells intrathecally. The patient underwent two cellular therapies at an interval of seven months. The follow up assessment was conducted at 3,7 and 13 months after the first cellular therapy. Improvements in voluntary control, muscle tone (spasticity and dystonia), balance, weight bearing of the upper limbs, oromotor skills and cognition were noted over the follow up period of 13 months. Gross motor function measure (GMFM) improved from 30.59 to 69.87 %, and Wee-Functional Improvement Measure (Wee-FIM) improved from 45 to 84. No adverse events were reported post cellular therapy. This case study highlights the clinical benefits of cellular therapy with corroborative improvements in the outcome scales in a unique case of diplegic dystonic CP. We recommend that its effectiveness should be established in a more comprehensive randomised controlled study.
Keywords: Bone marrow mononuclear cells, Cerebral Palsy, Diplegia, Dystonic, Autologous, Cellular therapy, Stem cells.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 15-19]
5) Effect of Waste Management Control on Tourism Development: Ado-Ekiti as a Case Study
Author’s Details:(1)Taiwo Oladeji Adefisoye-Department of Political Science, Ekiti State University, Nigeria, (2)Ibiyinka Ogunlade, Professor of Food and Applied Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Ekiti State University, Nigeria E-mail: email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org
Increasing waste generation is synonymous with growing urbanization and human development which can be controlled by efficient and effective management. Some problems associated with waste management can be very severe, particularly in developing countries where technological know-how required for recycling human wastes and processing them into useful items, are inadequate. Consequently, poor waste management has constituted major hindrances to healthy living, environmental sustainability and development of tourism potentials. Ado-Ekiti, thecapital of Ekiti State, South West Nigeria, is used as a case study. This work examined the implication(s) of poor waste management on tourism development, with particular reference to its aesthetic values. Relying on both primary and secondary data, this research found out that certain mountains in the study area (witha specific focus on Okeyinmi also known as Okuta-gbokuta-ru), have been turned to refuse sites, public toilets and even to an abode of social miscreants. Lack of political will, unstable government policies among other factors; have prevented the development and optimal utilization of the city’s tourism potentials. However, effective and efficient management of municipal domestic wastes would go a long way in thedevelopment of the tourism potentials of the city; improve its internally generated revenue; provide employment opportunities and income earnings for jobless youths; engender community participation in heritage management and ultimately, alleviate poverty and underdevelopment.
Keywords: Underdevelopment; Eco-Tourism Potentials; Tourism Management; Waste Management and Community Participation.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 20-24]
6) Prophesying or Prophelying? Prophets, Prophetic Punditry and the 2015 General Elections in Nigeria
Author Details: Taiwo Oladeji Adefisoye – Department of Political Science, Ekiti State University, Nigeria, Contact: Department of Political Science, Faculty of the Social Sciences, Ekiti State University, PMB 5363, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. E-mail: email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org
Although the 2015 general elections in Nigeria have come and gone, the marks they left behind are indelible and the lessons, unforgettable. The introduction and use of electronic voting option and Smart Card Readers; the odious and provocative nature of political campaigns and jingles; the triumph of the main opposition party and the defeat of the incumbent party after sixteen years of uninterrupted rule, were prominent events that heralded the exercise and thus made the 2015 elections a watershed in the history of electioneering in Nigeria’s democratic experience.The elections which were perhaps the most expensive in the history of Africa also marked the first time an incumbent president has ever lost re-election in Nigeria. Of concern to this work are the roles which prophets, ‘prophetic punditry’ and ‘prophetictheaters’ played before and during the elections. Relying on empirical evidence from direct observations and secondary sources, this work established that Nigeria’s political landscape was wantonly besieged by a barrage of prophecies, prophetic postulations, predictions and calculations which exacerbated tension within the polity and spread confusion among the populace. While certain prophecies strongly avowed bloody and gloomy electioneering exercise, others predicted free, fair and violence-free elections. While certain prophets contradicted their earlier prophesies, other prophets went totally wrong. Thus, this puts a question mark on the sacredness and divine nature of prophecies and prophets particularly those whose predictions were punctured by the outcome of the elections. The paper concludes that politics and religious faith continue to remain interlocked in an (unholy) matrimony in Nigeria’s politics.
Keywords: Prophetic Punditry; Prophetic Postulations; Prophetic Theaters; Prophelying; Nigeria’s democratic experience.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 25-37]
7) An Analysis of how Contemporary African Child-Rearing Practices affect a Child’s Self-Concept and Learning
Author’s Details: (1) Emily Ganga (2)Kudzai Chinyoka-Great Zimbabwe University, Department of Educational Foundations – Faculty of Education, Box 1235, Masvingo
This paper endeavors to highlight how contemporary African child-rearing practices affect a child’s self-concept and learning. It also observes that child-rearing practice is a prominent challenge for many parents including ones in sub-Saharan Africa. By observing and scrutinizing the common child-rearing practices in Zimbabwe, the researchers noted that some contemporary African child-rearing practices may either enhance a positive self-concept leading to enhancement in learning or the opposite where some practices actually instill a negative self-concept that eventually deters learning. It therefore, provides clear cut roles, obligations, rights, expectations and sanctions within the common authoritative, permissive and autocratic parenting styles which seem to be a dilution of traditional African child-rearing practices due to the influence of other diverse cultures, religion and the development of technology. Some parents today, seem to be a reflection of not only one parenting style, but a chameleon representation of what they consider the best parenting option for each situation. Arguing mainly from a Humanistic point of view, this paper prescribes specific implications for parenting and teaching where a strong commitment to child-care by every parent or caregiver is highly recommended. Any good parenting style should enhance a child’s positive self-concept and provide ideal learning experiences and guidance for all young people within their phenomenal fields.
Keywords: child-rearing, self-concept, learning, authoritative, authoritarian and permissive
[Download Full Paper] [Page 38-47]