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Volume 6, Issue 9

01-Oct-17

Open Access Journal

Volume 6, Issue 9

Impact Factor 4.428

1) Teachers Supporting Students with Parents Having Mental Health Problems. A Scoping Review
Author’s Details: Dr. Dirk Bruland, (1)Dr. Paulo Pinheiro, (1)Janine Bröder M.Sc., (1)Orkan Okan M.A., (2)Prof. Dr. Graça S. Carvalho, (3)Prof. Dr. Luis Saboga-Nunes, (4)Prof. Dr. Emma Bond, (5)Patricia Wahl M.Sc., (1)Alexandra Fretian, (1)Prof. Dr. Ullrich Bauer-(1) Centre for Prevention and Intervention in Childhood and Adolescence (CPI), Faculty of Educational Sciences, Bielefeld University (2) Research Center on Child Studies (CIEC), Institute of Education of the University of Minho (3) ISAMB, Instituto de Saúde Ambiental, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Lisboa (4) Faculty Arts, Business and Applied Social Science (5) Institute for health research and social psychiatry (igsp), Catholic University of Applied Sciences of North Rhine – Westphalia

Abstract:
Children whose parents have mental health issues respond to associated familial stressors with symptomatic behaviors and are, themselves, at considerably higher risk of developing serious mental health problems. Teachers are the most likely professionals who are able to recognize behavior changes and mental health needs of children. This article aims to provide an overview of the current state-of-the-art research on teachers’ mental health literacy including how teachers identify and support these children. A scoping review was undertaken with six databases by using English and German search terms for articles published between January 1990 and July 2017. This review identifies a research gap in mental health (literacy) research for a major cause of mental health issues in children. There is little recognition of students’ familial environment in the research undertaken. The founded studies show that identifying affected children is difficult for teachers. If teachers identify those children, they have great uncertainties to work with this situation. Identified teachers’ responses are insufficient for children and mostly depends on individual attitudes and experience with mental health issues. Teachers are highly stressed by the child’s school situation and need support themselves to support children adequately. Better support for teachers is required in order to prepare them adequately to support children. Based on the results opportunities for teachers’ mental health literacy are discussed to expand teachers’ ability to promote mental health in children with parents having mental health issues as well as future research activities.
Keywords: mental health promotion, school teachers, student, mental health literacy, family health.

[Download Full Paper] [Page 01-15]
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2) Life Style Habits among Female Physiotherapy College Students of Chennai –   A Cross Sectional   Analytical Study
Author’s Details: (1)Dr.S.S.Subramanian, M.P.T (Orthopaedics), M.S (Education), M. Phil (Education), Ph.D (Physiotherapy). The Principal,Sree Balaji College Of physiotherapy, Chennai – 100. Affiliated To (Bharath) University, BIHER Chennai – 73.(2)Mrs.S.J.Kanimozhiselvi, BPT, MIAP-Tutor in physiotherapy -Sree Balaji College of Physiotherapy, Chennai – 100.Affiliated To (Bharath) University, BIHER Chennai – 73.

Abstract:
An increasing life style disorders are reported globally, especially among adolescent children. Obesity, junk food habits, lowered physical activities, excessive usage of electronic gadgets usage were  mainly influencing on health and quality of life among professional college students. Aims & Objective of this original research were to 1. Evaluate level of physical activities, food habits, prevalence of obesity, usage of electronic communication gadgets 2. To promote and prepare future pupil physiotherapists towards life style related health issues. Material & Methodology: 200 physiotherapy UG students were given with 11 questionnaires on a 3 point scale during January 2017 in Chennai wherethis study was conducted. Results: 20% of the participants were obese, 88% do no exercises, 35% had family history of systemic illness 28% subject have reported regular eating habitswith junk food and more than 42% use communication gadgets for more than 6 hours. Conclusion: The major findings of this original study gives an insight and awareness for due life style modification required among health care professional students.
Keywords: Life Style Habits, Female Physiotherapy
[Download Full Paper] [Page 16-21]
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3) Contribution of Agricultural Formal Credit on Smallholder Farmer’s Livelihoods: A Case of Ekudzeni Area in the Manzini Region, Swaziland
Author’s Details: (1)Nkhosingiphile Shongwe, (2)Ajay Shankar Singh* (3)Micah B. Masuku and (4)Douglas Kibirige-Department of Agriculture Economics and Management, Faculty of Agriculture,University of Swaziland, Luyengo M205, Swaziland
.* Corresponding Author: Ajay Shankar Singh        
Abstract:
Agriculture is the largest source of employment for rural households, and 70% of the population in Swaziland relies on this subsistence farming for their livelihood. However, the country is faced with decades of economic slowdown and the ever rising agricultural input prices resulting in high production costs hardly met by small subsistence farmers who are currently dependent on government subsidies and agricultural credit offered by financial institution. The results of the study were generated using data collected through personal interviews and questionnaires from eighty randomly sampled farmers in the study area. Descriptive statistical techniques were used to analyze the data. The results revealed that the majority of farmers of agricultural credit beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries were female (54% and 51%, respectively), and over 50% of all respondents were aged 50 years and above. Results further indicated that the non-beneficiaries were more educated than the beneficiaries an indication that the non-beneficiaries could finance their agribusiness using incomes generated from employment other than farming. All respondents reported to farm on land less than 2 hectares. The t-test results revealed that there was a significant difference of 1646 Emalangeni earned by agricultural credit beneficiaries more than the non-beneficiaries. The t-test further revealed that there was a significant difference in capital employed in agriculture between beneficiaries (E2157) and non-beneficiaries (E973). Farmers benefiting from agricultural finances had an average 2.7ha of land and relatively larger cultivated land compared to non-beneficiaries (2.4ha). Beneficiaries of the formal agricultural credit indicated that they had accumulated assets which enhanced their purchasing power due to credit access. Based on the findings it can be concluded that formal agricultural credit improves farm household livelihoods and it is recommended that financial institutions should continue to intensify their agricultural credit services and most importantly make it easily accessible  to  farmers in rural areas to  improve their livelihoods and minimize their financial challenges.
Key words: Ekudzeni, Formal agricultural credit, Livelihoods, Smallholder farmers
[Download Full Paper] [Page 22-28]
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4) Right of Ownership as a Basic Right to Constitutional and European Convention on Human Rights
Author’s Details: (1)Msc. Orgent Nazaj (2)Msc. Silvana Çala-“Europian University” of Tirana, Albania

Abstract:
This paper presents a general framework of the property right seen in the Constitutional Review and the standard of the European Convention on Human Rights. Such harassment came to me not because such an anchor was not previously elaborated by the professors or the practice of the law, but because of the lack of a sensible, juridical remedy to this right not only by the citizens but also by the organs state and law enforcement agencies. It is for this very fact that I have been dealing with the analysis of the genesis of this right, specifically in the constitution of the republic of Albania and European Convention on Human Rights. It should be said that ownership issues, especially in Albania, constitute one of the most comprehensive and influential challenges in many sectors of a country due to the still informal ownership situation in Albania where ALUIZNI enjoys an important position and as such has pushed me to touch and illustrate the problems with prominent judicial decisions to present a framework of judicial practice in defining how clearer the material and procedural aspects of the norms related to property and property issues related to informal constructions.

At the end of this paper, conclusions and solutions to the problems arising from different legal situations regarding property rights will be reflected, trying to bring Albania together in a context and context consistent with the standards of the European Court of Human Rights.
Keywords: Ownership; Judicial practice; Property Rights; Send Immovable; Former owners.
[Download Full Paper]
[Page 29-33]
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5) Haemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis Syndromein a Patient with Adult Onset Still’s Disease; A Diagnostic Challenge
Author’s Details: Madagedara RMD1, BandaraHGWAPL1, Wijethilake BHWMGT1, Athauda SD2
Respiratory Diseases Treatment Unit II1, Hematology unit2 Teaching Hospital, Kandy Sri  Lanka-Corresponding author : Dr Dushantha Madegedara-MBBS,MD,FRCP,FCCP,FCCP(USA) Consultant Respiratory Physician

Abstract:
Heamophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a syndrome of pathologic immune activation characterized by clinical signs and symptoms of extreme inflammation1. It was described as both a familial disorder and as a sporadic one, in association with infections, malignancies, or rheumatologic disorders. HLH results from impaired functions of natural killer (NK) and cytotoxic T cells, whereas activities of lymphocytes and histiocytes are augmented, leading to phagocytosis of hematopoietic cells2. Though the primary pathogenic mechanism is linked to genetic and immunologic basis, HLH remains a multisystem disorder having a unique pattern of clinical manifestations. Secondary HLH is triggered by a variety of causative agents including infections, malignancies and rheumatological illnesses. Since the individual clinical features are non-specific, HLH and Adult Onset Stills Disease (AOSD) share overlapping clinical and a number of laboratory features making the accurate diagnosis of both syndromes difficult. HLH that arises in the course of AOSD disease has been reported only rarely. Tuberculosis is yet another infective cause of secondary HLH where reported cases are scanty. Here, we report two cases of secondary HLH; a young male with Still’s disease and a young female with tuberculosis both cases complicated with HLH.
Keywords:
Haemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis Syndromein
[Download Full Paper] [Page 34-39]
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6) Pessimism is related to Increased Changes over Our DNA
Author’s Details: (1)Catarine Lima Conti (2)Adriana Madeira Álvares-da-Silva-(1)(2)Program of Post-Graduation in Biotechnology/Renorbio, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Alegre, ES, Brazil.Corresponding author-Catarine Conti, Ph.D.-Departamento de Biologia, Centro de Ciências Exatas, Naturais e da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo.-Alto Universitário, S/N, Caixa Postal 16-29500-000 Alegre, ES, Brasil

Abstract:
116 persons were asked if they were a pessimist about the future. They voluntarily and consensually participated in blood collection for DNA analysis of BDNF exon I promoter gene. DNA was extracted from whole peripheral blood, and after bisulfite conversion, the samples were amplified and qualitatively analyzed. From those who related no pessimism, 26% of the BDNF exon I promoter gene was methylated, while from those who related pessimism, 48% presented the epigenetic perturbation. This is an unprecedentedly finding describing the correlation between this mental status and an epigenetic alteration in this crucial gene for brain maintenance.
Keywords: pessimism, epigenetics, BDNF gene, DNA methylation, health.
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[Page 40-43]
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Creative Commons LicenseOnline Publications by Dr. T.S Maria is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.Based on a work at http://www.casestudiesjournal.com.