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Volume 10, Issue 12


1) Assessment of Senior Secondary School Biology Practical Activities in Ekiti State, Nigeria
Author’s Details: Dr. Fatoba Joseph Oba1, Abidakun Titus Ojo1Department of Science Education, Faculty of Education-Ekiti State University Ado –Ekiti,

This study assessed practical activities in Ekiti State Senior Secondary School Biology lessons. The study specifically examined the extent to which school location affects the practical activities in the Biology laboratory. The study further examined the teachers’ gender and utilization of Biology laboratory.
The study adopted the descriptive research design of the survey type. The population of the study comprised of 19,603 Senior Secondary School II (S.S.S2) students and 378 Biology teachers in all 189 Public Secondary Schools in Ekiti State. The sample for this study was 490 respondents, comprising 450 Students and 40 teachers randomly selected from 18 secondary schools using multi-stage sampling technique. Three set of instruments tagged ‘Biology Teacher Activities Questionnaire (BTAQ)’, ‘Biology Student Activities Questionnaire (BSAQ)’ and ‘Biology Equipment/Materials Checklist (BEC)’ were used for the study. The three instruments BTAQ, BSAQ and BEC were validated by experts. Also the reliability of the three instruments BTAQ, BSAQ and BEC yielded reliability coefficients of 0.87, 0.79 and 0.68 respectively. The data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The descriptive statistics of frequency counts, percentages and means were used to answer research questions while the inferential statistics involving Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation analysis and t-test statistics were used to test hypotheses, all the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance.
The findings of the study showed that facilities for Biology practical activities were available in schools moderately. Also, the result showed that there was no significant difference between male and female teachers in conducting Biology practical. It was found that there was no significant difference between practical activities in rural and urban schools. The findings further showed that there was no significant relationship between teachers’ participation and student participation in practical activities.
Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that government in collaboration with Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) should ensure that resources are provided in the laboratory for effective practical. Also, periodic seminars and workshops should be organized for Biology teachers in order to enhance their effective practical activities and students’ practical activities as stipulated in the Biology curriculum.
Keywords: Digitalization, Digital Service Quality
[Download Full Paper] [Page 01-08]
Effects of Problem-Solving and Concept Mapping Instructional Strategies on Ekiti State Secondary School Students’ Performance in Biology
Author’s Details: Dr. Fatoba, joseph oba (Ph.D) 1, Oluwafemi, Yemisi Florence21Department of Science Education, Faculty of Education, Ekiti State University, P.M.B. 5363, Ado-Ekiti.

2Department of Science Education, Faculty of Education, Ekiti State University,
The study examined effects of problem-solving and concept mapping instructional strategies on Ekiti State Secondary School Students’ performance in Biology. The study examined the difference in the performance of students’ taught Biology using problem-solving instructional strategy, concept mapping instructional strategy and conventional strategy as well as influence of gender on students’ performance using problem solving and concept mapping instructional strategies in teaching Biology. This study adopted a quasi-experimental pre-test and post-test control group design (two experimental groups and one control group). The treatments applied to the experimental groups were problem solving and concept mapping instructional strategies, while the control group was exposed to the conventional strategy. The population for this study consist of 19,603 Senior Secondary School Two (SSSII) Biology students in Ekiti State. The sample for the study was 240 SSSII Biology students in Ekiti State Public Secondary Schools. Multistage sampling technique was used to select the schools sample for the study. The instrument used for the study was Biology Performance Test (BPT). The face and content validity of the research instrument was confirmed through experts in Science Education Department while the reliability of instrument was established using test re-tests method. Reliability coefficient of 0.75 was obtained. The experimental procedures for this study were in three stages: pre-treatment stage (1 week), treatment stage (2 weeks) and the post treatment stage (1 week). Four weeks altogether were used for the whole study. Two research questions were raised and six hypotheses were formulated.  The results of the data collected from both pre-test and post-test were collated and analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The questions raised were answered using mean scores and standard deviation while all the hypotheses generated for the study were tested at 0.05 level of significance using t-test, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). The findings show significant difference between the two experimental groups (those taught using concept mapping instructional strategy did significantly better than those taught using problem-solving instructional strategy); there is no difference in the performance means score of male and female students taught Biology using problem solving ,concept mapping, and conventional strategies. It was concluded that both strategies when adopted for the teaching of Biology are very rewarding for students’ academic performance regardless of their genders. It was recommended that the use of problem solving and concept mapping should be adopted for the teaching of Biology as innovative tools to facilitate teaching on the teacher’s part and learning on the learner’s part.
Keywords: problem-solving, concept mapping, instructional strategies, Performance.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 09-21]
Reality Awareness and Behaviors of Farmer in the Northern Coastal Area in Current Aquaculture
Author Details: PhD. Bui Thi Van Anh-Institute of Human Geography, Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences-No 1 Lieu Giai, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi, Vietnam

The survey was carried out on 200 farmers in the coastal areas of Nam Dinh and Quang Ninh with the method of questionnaires and in-depth interviews. Research results show that the majority of people appreciate the importance of some conditions in aquaculture. However, they are not fully aware of the State’s regulations for aquaculture activities. In fact, people can only partially comply with the regulations in aquaculture. In some aspects, there is no match between awareness and behavior of farmers in aquaculture
Keywords: Farmers; awareness; behavior; aquaculture.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 22-29]

4) Understanding Terminologies of CAT Tools and Machine Translation Applications
Author Details: (1)Zaki, Muhammad Zayyanu-French Department,Faculty of Arts,Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto – Nigeria (2)Nwanjoku, Chukwunonye Anthony-Department of Foreign Languages and Literary Studies, Faculty of Arts, University of Nigeria, Nsukka (3)John Ogboji-Department of General Studies, Benue State Polytechnic,

The research tends to make a clear description of Machine Translation for users to be familiar with terminologies related to Machine Learning and precisely CAT tools (translation applications). The purpose of this paper is to broaden the scope of the use of translation technology and to explore its application in translation. There have been issues relating to Machine Translation. Since most translators are not familiar with translation aids, it is, therefore, necessary for translators to explore the translation applications. Translation can be achieved in different ways i.e. human and machine. Consequently, human translation lacks speed and accuracy hence, translation applications must come into play. One can find a variety of such applications online. The software assists human incapabilities and limitations in different ways especially for translation memory which assists the translator to be consistent and coherent in using terminologies. This paper applied analytical and descriptive approaches of translation. The study finally observed that each translation software has its unique identity and most of the sophisticated ones are not free. The researcher traced the processes or systems that support CAT tools such as machine language, machine learning, and finally features and metrics of evaluating Machine Translation. The researchers, therefore, concluded that translation without machine technology will definitely be difficult especially when translation involves huge tasks and different languages.
Translation, Machine Learning, Machine Translation, Analytical approach, CAT Tools
[Download Full Paper] [Page 30-39]

5) Frederick Matthias Alexander, Memory Expert “Professor Alphonse Loisette,” and Former Politician Charles Edwin Jones
Author Details: Jeroen Staring-Retired Dr. mult. Jeroen Staring taught mathematics at secondary schools in The Netherlands. His 2005 Medical Sciences dissertation describes the life, work and technique of F. Matthias Alexander. In 2013 he successfully defended a second dissertation, on the early history of the NYC Bureau of Educational

This case study discusses relationships between actor and voice and breathing teacher F. Matthias Alexander, theatre entrepreneur Percy Reginald Dix, memory artist Alphonse Loisette, and former politician, lecturer, and memory teacher Charles Edwin Jones.
Frederick Matthias Alexander (1869-1955); John Dewey (1859-1952); Percy Reginald Dix (1866-1917); Samuel Jackson Holmes (1868-1964); Charles Edwin Jones (1828-1903); Marcus Dwight Larrowe (1828-1896) — aka “Professor” Alphonse Loisette.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 40-60]