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Volume 11, Issue 06


1) The Role of Organizational DNA in Achieving Sustainable Competitive Advantage: A Study on Telecommunication Sector in Egypt
Author Details:(1)Prof. Dr. Wageeh A. Nafei-University of Sadat City, Menoufia, Egypt (2)Dr. Manal A. Ghoneim- October High Institute for Engineering & Technology, 6 Th of October, Egypt
Purpose: This paper attempts to highlight the significant role of organizational DNA in improving Sustainable Competitive Advantage (SCA).
Research Design/Methodology: Using Booz Allen Hamilton, 2002; Neilson, et al., 2003; 2004; Booz, 2004; Neilson, et al., 2005; Holoday, 2005; Remecker & Bowdin, 2005; Neilson, 2006; Vanmullem & Hondeghem, 2007; Soroush, et al., 2013 of organizational DNA, the study develops a number of hypotheses and tests them. This research is an applied form in terms of its goals and descriptive in terms of the method of data collection. Three groups of employees at industrial companies were examined. Of the 355 questionnaires that were distributed, 300 usable questionnaires were returned, a response rate of 84%.
Findings: This study reveals that the four building blocks of organizational DNA (organizational structure, decision rights, motivators, and information) have a significantly direct effect on SCA.
Practical implications: The study suggests that the industrial companies can improve SCA by influencing its organizational DNA, specifically, by developing the organizational structure, decision rights, motivators, and information. The study provided a set of recommendations including the necessity to pay more attention to the dimensions of organizational DNA as of a key source for organizations to enhance the competitive advantage which is of prime significance for SCA.
Originality/value: The study observes that there is a critical shortage of studying organizational DNA in Egypt and that a greater understanding of the factors that influence the SCA, including organizational structure, decision rights, motivators, and information, is of great importance. Therefore, this study is to examine the relationship between organizational DNA and SCA among employees in the pharmaceutical industrial in Egypt.
organizational DNA, sustainable competitive advantage
[Download Full Paper] [Page 01-24]

2) Problems and opportunities for Pulses Growers: Baseline Survey Report Larkana District
Author’s Details: Dr.Faiz Muhammad Shaikh-Professor & Chairman Department of Agri: Economics, SZABAC-Dokri

Pulses are considered important contributors in the livelihood of rural people in Sindh. Pulses are cultivated in in various areas of Larkana District i.e Ratodero, Naudero and Dokri Taluka.   Pulses are cultivated in Sindh both irrigated and un irrigated river belt of Indus River.   ACIAR Australian Centre for innovative Agriculture Research is making efforts to improve value chain of pulses in Pakistan considering all value chain actors. The research project intends to understand the current practices and obstacles, different value chain actors are facing. After identifying the possible interventions to improve value chain of pulses in the country, interventions will be tested across the value chain. In order to see the effect of interventions on the performance of interventions, it is the utmost important to have information on the current practices in pulses production particularly at the farm level, socioeconomic characteristics and other related aspects of the target area of the project. For this purpose, the baseline survey is conducted to find out the information from the project site. Chickpea, Mungbeans and Lentil are cultivated in all Tehsil of Larkana District i.e. RatoDero, Naudero and Dokri area. Larkana and Sukkur are selected for the research project.  Ratodero Teghsil is contains larger land area and production where chickpea, lentil and Mungbeans are cultivated on irrigated land.    We have selected few lead farmers from each tehsil and they provided list of the various villages where pulses are growing in all Tehsil.  I have selected 45 farmers from Naudero, 50 from Ratodero and 35 from Dokri.  In. Dokri area Chickpea and lentil are cultivated on unirrigated land in river Indus belt.  In Sukkur District were have selected Abad Kacha, Pano Akil and Bagarji in all Tehsils Chickpeas and lentil is cultivated in the belt of Indus river and unirrigated land and Mungbeans are cultivated in irrigated land.
Problems and opportunities, Pulses Growers
[Download Full Paper] [Page 25-38]

3) Factors affecting Pulses production in Pakistan during COVID-19 Pandemic: A case study of Sindh-Pakistan
Author’s Details: Dr.Faiz Muhammad Shaikh-Professor-SZABAC-Dokri-Larkana-Sindh,
Dr.Bhuhran Ahmed-Assistant Professor -Institute of Business Management, UAF Faisalabad
Dr.Mubashir Mehdi-Associate Professor-MNSU Multan
Dr.Haseeb Rizvi-Project Officer -UAF Faisalabad
This research investigates the Factors affecting Pulses production in Pakistan during COVID-19 Pandemic: A case study of Sindh-Pakistan.  Data were collected from primary sources.  A survey was conducted from 200 pulses growers i.e. Chickpeas, Lentil and Mung beans from Larkana, Shikarpur, Jacobabad and Sukkur Districts.  It was revealed that due to COVID-19 pandemic The reasons for low production and yield of pulses, in Sindh include lack of innovative crop improvement programs and use un certified seed.  Currently, about 90% of the pulses are cultivated from the farmers own saved seed.  Other major factors responsible for low production and yield are abiotic (drought, heat, salinity) and biotic (weeds, diseases, and insect-pests) stresses, and factors related with soil (marginal lands, alkaline soils with low organic matter and erosion), climate change, lack of crop-specific farm machinery, post-harvest losses and marketing issues. It was further revealed that due to COVID-19 farmers faced many challenges of availability of seed, fertilizer and pesticides in the far areas of these districts. It was further revealed that due to urban shift in the population dietary pattern change and it increase the demand of consumption of pulses in both rural and urban areas.  The study suggests various measures for improvement of pulses production as well as consumption level in the state through serious efforts by different stake holders who are involved in production, marketing and price determination of pulses.
Keywords: Pulses production, COVID-19 Pandemic

[Download Full Paper] [Page 39-44]

4) Performance Efficiency of Islamic Banking in Pakistan after Global Financial Crisis:  A case Study of Meezan Bank Limited
Author’s Details:
Tanweer Chnna-M.Phil Student – Deptt:of Public Administration, Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur Mirs
Nazar Hussain Phulpoto-
Associate Professor-Deptt:of Public Administration, Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur Mirs
Dr.Chandal Lal Rohra-
Pro-Vice Chancellor-Shah Abdul Latif University Campus , Shahdadkot

The current research investigates the Performance Efficiency of Islamic Banking in Pakistan after Global Financial Crisis:  A case Study of Meezan Bank Limited.  Data were collected from various secondary sources i.e. Annual reports of State bank various issues after 2007-08. Data were analyze by using SPSS-25 version. During 2009 the worldwide output witnessed a decline of 2.2 percentage and unemployment price expanded to round 7 percentage globally this means that that round 35 million humans misplaced their job. The regressions along with manage variables observed pay-for-overall performance relationships much like preceding studies. After the disaster, the coefficient of inventory returns is barely higher, indicating a more potent pay-for-overall performance courting and higher alignment with shareholders’ hobbies. The courting among fairnessprimarily based totally repayment and organization overall performance indicates no obvious adjustments earlier than and after the disaster. Another signal indicating higher alignment of managers’ and shareholders’ hobbies is the connection among control repayment and fairness hazard (inventory fee volatility). Before the disaster a big high-quality courting existed. After the disaster this courting became drastically negative. This approach that managers have been rewarded earlier than the disaster to growth inventory fee volatility, while after the disaster, expanded inventory fee volatility brought about decrease repayment. In addition, the cost of granted alternatives is negatively associated with fairness hazard after the disaster, in evaluation to earlier than the disaster.
Keywords: Islamic Banking, Global Financial Crisis
[Download Full Paper] [Page 45-53]

5) Role of Agriculture Sector in the Economic Development of Pakistan
Author’s Details: Shah Pisand Chandio1, Dr. Mir G.H Talpur2, Mumtaz Ali Chandio3

The agriculture sector is a major and fundamental part of Pakistan that plays an important role in the development of the country’s economy; 70% of the people of the country depend on agriculture. The main purpose of this research is to analyze the role of the agriculture sector in the economic development of Pakistan. In this study time series data for the year, 2010-20 was collected from many sources such as economic survey reports, newspapers, magazines, and government reports. To identify the underlying variables Durbin Watson test was applied to check whether the data is serial correlated or not, the value 1.328 indicates that there is no autocorrelation in this data. The P-value (0.0002< 0.05) defines there is a statistically significant and negative impact of agriculture growth rate on real GDP of Pakistan, +ve coefficient value indicated the direct effect of agriculture growth rate on real GDP of Pakistan, coefficient value 1.078 suggests that there is an increase of 1.078 GDP of Pakistan per year. It means that role of agriculture for the GDP of Pakistan was not satisfactory for the last 10 years. Furthermore, the R-squared value 0.0429 also indicated a weak relationship between the variables. This study declares the reasons of backwardness of the agriculture sector like unavailability of resources and mismanagement agriculture sector is going to be slowdown which directly affects the economy of Pakistan. This is the fact that the agriculture sector plays an important role in economic development by providing food and employment for the population of Pakistan.
Keywords: Agriculture, Economic Development, Real GDP, Regression
[Download Full Paper] [Page 54-59]