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Volume 11, Issue 10


1) Leadership Style and Performance of Manufacturing Industries in Kenya. A Case of Bidco Africa
Author’s Details: (1) Bahizi Axel Gray (2) Tom Ongesa (PhD)-(1)Student, School of Business and Economics, Mount Kenya University (2)Lecturer, School of Business and Economics, Mount Kenya University

Developing countries are faced with a mountainous task of working strategically towards the realization of global development goals. Manufacturing has consequently become a focus of attaining economic growth as outlined in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In Kenya manufacturing was listed among the Big Four Agenda of the Jubilee government through which the nation expected to attract foreign investment and increase the employment rates in the country. This is further anchored in the economic pillar of Kenya’s Vision 2030 whose objective is the development of a strong, diversified and competitive manufacturing sector. To enhance their performance, most manufacturing organizations have adopted varied leadership styles. Despite this, they still face a myriad of challenges in their daily operations that have adverse effects on their performance. This study was purposed to establish the relation between leadership style and manufacturing company’s performance in Bidco Africa. The study’s objective was to examine the effect of leadership style on the performance of Bidco Africa in Kenya. This research study was anchored on a quantitative research philosophy. The use of a descriptive research design explained the existing relation between the study variables. The target population constituted of 171 employees in the departments of production, sales, technical, marketing and human resource based at the headquarters in Thika. Using stratified and simple random sampling, a sample size of 120 was selected. Structured questionnaires were utilized in collecting primary data that was analyzed with the help of both descriptive statistics as well as inferential statistics by the aid of SPSS computer software version 24. The hypothesis was tested to assess the link between the independent and dependent variables in this study. Hypothesis was tested using ANOVA at a 0.05 confidence level. Leadership style was found to be significant in influencing the performance of manufacturing industry. The study’s findings are of great benefit to all stakeholders in the manufacturing industry since they will provide information necessary in formulating and implementing strategies to spur the performance of business firms.
Key Words:Leadership, Style, Performance, Manufacturing Industry

[Download Full Paper] [Page 01-12]

2) Linkage between Social Cultural Factors and Growth of Small and Micro Enterprises Funded By Women Enterprise Fund in Selected Counties in Kenya
Author’s Details: Dr Ongesa Tom-Umma University, Garissa Campus

Small and Micro Enterprises (SMEs) remain fundamental in economic growth of many nations. Despite this significance SMEs face tremendous challenges in their operations. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of social cultural factors on the growth of SMEs funded by women enterprise fund in Kenya. This study used a descriptive survey based design. The study’s target population was composed of 2032 women group leaders’ beneficiaries of Constituency Women Enterprise Scheme (CWES) between 2013 and 2017. Cluster sampling and simple random sampling were used to select a sample size of 335 respondents. Quantitative primary data was collected by use of structured questionnaires. The data collected was edited and analyzed according to the research objectives. The study used descriptive statistics and inferential statistics to analyze data. Regression and ANOVA analysis were used to determine the relationship between independent and dependent variables. The hypothesis was tested at a confidence of 0.05. The study established that social cultural factors significant positive relationship on the growth of SMEs. The findings of this study will be helpful to female entrepreneurs in planning and managing their operations. The study recommends the government to initiate policies that would empower and boost women SMEs in the country.
Keywords: Social cultural factors; Small and Micro Enterprises; Women Enterprise Fund; Entrepreneurs
[Download Full Paper] [Page 13-27]

3) Perovskite Solar Cells: Literature Review
Author’s Details: (1) Dr. Dao Quang Thuy-Head of Science and Technology Business Incubation and Development Department, Ministry of Science and Technology (2) Vu Quoc Trung-Foreign Language Specialized School – 12a1

The primary contender to replace conventional silicon solar cells in the future are perovskite solar cells (PSCs). In just over a decade, PSCs have progressed from a modest beginning of 3.8% in 2009 to reported efficiency of 25.7% for single-junction cells and 31.25% in July 2022 for multi-junction cells. This astonishing development, although promising on the one hand, also suggests that the potential may yet be discovered. This study elaborates on the opportunities and shortcomings of perovskite solar cells by analyzing their properties, before discussing current solutions and proposing future research focus so that PSCs can reach their potential
Perovskite solar cells
[Download Full Paper] [Page 28-39]

4) Problem and Challenges faced by Working Women during COVID-19 Pandemics: A Case Study of Sindh Pakistan
Author’s Details: (1)Dr.Faiz Muhammad Shaikh-Professor & Chairman Deptt: of Agri: Economics, SZABAC-Dokri (2)Dr.Amir Bux Pirzada-Assistant Professor , Government Girls  College  Sukkur (3)Dr.Akram Ali Shah-Assistant Professor,Deptt: of Economics-Government Degree College Khairpur

The current research investigates the Problem and Challenges faced by Working women During COVID-19 pandemics: A Case Study of Sindh Pakistan.  Data were collected from 200 working women from various districts i.e Larkana, Shikarpur and Sukkur by using simple random technique were used.  A Structural questionnaire was developed for the reliability and validity of Data. It was revealed that impact on working  women during COVID-19 pendamic is measured by psychological distress scale, work satisfaction scale and family satisfaction scale, researcher apply the quantitative research and numerical analysis of the data using the random sampling method taking only female working women which works in education sector, Health Centers, NGOs, Welfare Dept. It was revealed that during COVID-19 pendamic working women suffer a lot because of lack of transportation and social issues.  It was further revealed that Similarly they have less access to join social gathering because it may suffer their work or they have less number of leaves. 150 respondents, 37 from education department, 13 were doctors, 27 were nurses, 33 were employees of various NGOs and 40 were sales representatives in various cellular companies were selected for current study. Working women face difficulties to look after their homes.
Working Women, COVID-19 Pandemics
[Download Full Paper] [Page 40-42]

5) Role of NGO’s and Impact on Livelihood of Rural People in Mega Flood in Sindh Pakistan
Author’s Details: Dr.Faiz Muhammad Shaikh-Professor & Chairman, Deptt: Agri: Economics-SZABAC-Dokri-Larkana,
This research investigates Role of NGOs and impact on livelihood of rural people in Mega Flood in Sindh Pakistan.  Data were collected from five most vulnerable flood affected Districts i.e. Ghotki, Sukkur, Khaiurpur Mirs, Larkana, Qambar Shahdakkot, Shikarpur and Dadu.  It was revealed that after heavy rain disaster in Sindh affected three million people left their homes without anything.  In many cases especially in K.N.Shah people evacuated their houses in one hour time.  In this situation NGOs come forward and rescue the people in all districts by providing tents, Rashon and cooked foods.It was revealed that due to poor management in all districts 1200 people were died and thousand of Live stock losses in all districts. Dadu district is more affected compare to whole Pakistan.The flood victim’s people are living in Schools, Colleges and Pacca Bands where few N.G.Os are supporting them. According to UN 12 million people directly affected in flood in Sindh and overall 20 million people displaced from various districts.
Key Words:Role, NGOs , livelihood, Mega Flood, Sindh
[Download Full Paper] [Page 43-46]