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Volume 3, Issue 3

3rd Issue-March-2014

1)Education and Economic Growth Nexus: Does Proxy Matter
Author’s Detail: OWOEYE, Taiwo Ph.D.-
Department of Economics,Faculty of the Social Sciences,Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti.

This study tests whether education-economic growth nexus is sensitive to proxy used for education. Three broad proxies were identified in the literature, expenditure on education which is an input, school enrolment, which is a flow and education attainment which is a stock. While attainment is the most reliable of the three, expenditures on education is the least reliable. However for African countries, expenditure on education is the most available, while education attainment is hardly available. Using annual data for gross enrolment in primary, secondary and tertiary institutions, for Nigeria between 1970—2009 as the first proxy for education, and total capital and recurrent expenditures on education for the same period as an alternative proxy. The study finds that education is not associated with economic growth with both proxies in growth empirics.
Keywords: Enrolments, Expenditures, Attainment, Education, Growth
[Download Full Paper] [Page 01-08]

2)Country Characteristics and Education-Economic Growth Paradox in Nigeria
Author Detail: OWOEYE, Taiwo Ph.D.-
Department of Economics,Faculty of the Social Sciences,Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti.

Studies on growth empirics with negative coefficient for education proxy have provided challenging puzzles. Since education is expected to promote economic growth. One of the best ways to explain this puzzle is to use an augmented growth model that incorporates country specific characteristics. This study builds such model with Nigerian data to test whether the structural characteristics of the Nigerian economy explain the impact of education on economic growth. Using annual data for gross enrolments, secondary and tertiary institutions as proxy for education, gross capital formation as proxy for investment and labour force as proxy for labour, the study finds that education and labour force are not associated with increased output proxy by real gross domestic product, while investment impacts growth positively. Three auxiliary variables—exchange rate black market premium, government consumption expenditure in real gross domestic product and ratio of primary product export total export were then introduced to capture the structural characteristics of the Nigerian economy. Black market premium and government expenditure impact negatively on economic growth. This suggests that the structure of the economy might have resulted into unproductive use of schooling. This study therefore recommends that changing the structure of Nigerian economy is important for use of education
[Download Full Paper] [Page 09-15]


3)Before and beyond psychoanalysis: Anna Freud as educator
Author’s details: (1) Jerry Aldridge
, Professor Emeritus University of Alabama at Birmingham (2) Jennifer L. Kilgo, University Professor University of Alabama at Birmingham (3)Grace Jepkemboi, Assistant Professor University of Alabama at Birmingham

Anna Freud is known as the co-founder of child psychoanalysis and the heir of the psychoanalytic movement after her father’s death in 1939. Her life has been captured in numerous biographies and her seminal work in psychoanalysis has been extensively reported. However, Anna Freud was first and foremost an educator before she became a child analyst. Her work as a teacher and her contributions to education are much less known. This article discusses Anna Freud’s experiences in early childhood education, elementary education, and teacher education, paying particular attention to her contributions in each of these three disciplines.
Key Words: Anna Freud, early childhood education, elementary education, teacher education
[Download Full Paper] [Page 16-20]

4) The Relationship Between Job Satisfaction and Job Involvement among Secondary School Teachers. 
Authors(1)Dr. Barnabas E. NwankwoDepartment of Psychology Caritas University Enugu, Nigeria
(2)Solomon A. AguDepartment of Psychology Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu,
Nigeria(3)Dr. Ngozi Sydney-AborDepartment of Psychology,Imo State University Owerri, Nigeria
(4)Chimezie E. ChikwenduDepartment of Psychology, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, Nigeria
This study investigated the relationship between job satisfaction and job involvement among secondary school teachers in Ihube, Okigwe Imo State. A total of 80 participants comprising forty six (46) male and thirty four (34) female teachers were drawn using simple random sampling. They were between the ages of 26-59 years, with a mean age of 38.6 years. The choice of design was correlational design. Two Questionnaires were used in the study which was a 20-item Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire and a 6-item Job Involvement Subscale. Statistical analysis using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient revealed a significant relationship between job satisfaction and job involvement among employees r(78)=0.56,P<.05. The results and implications were discussed and suggestions made for further researches.

Keywords: school teachers, job satisfaction, job involvement, job characteristics, nigeria
[Download Full Paper] [Page 21-27]

5)Managing The Strategies Adopted By Commerical Road Transportation Companies In Nigeria.(A Study of the Young Shall Grow Motors)
Mary Ijeoma Marire, Ph.D-Department of Business Administration,Enugu-State University of Science and Technology Enugu,Nigeria,Barnabas Ekpere Nwankwo, Ph.D-Department of Psychology, Caritas University Enugu, Nigeria

This research work is a study of business strategies of a commercial road transport company in Nigeria. The Young Shall Grow Transport Company is a major transport company in Nigeria and it has been able to identify customers needs and satisfaction through adoption of business strategies. To solve the research problem, both primary and secondary data were collected. The research instrument used in collecting the data was questionnaires and oral interview. In organizing and presenting the data collected, tables and frequencies were used. The hypotheses were tested using chi-square. From the analyses of data collected the following finding were made: Most of the respondents believe that The Young Shall Grow Motors transport firm recognizes business strategies. They also believe that they adopt good business strategies to attract their customers patronage for instance they offer seasonal bonus to the customers; they use sound and comfortable vehicles to render their services. And this adoption of business strategies has created positive impact on both the customers and the companies. The conclusion of the study is that the adoption and recognition of business strategies by Young Shall Grow transport firm has contributed to the company’s growth.

Keywords: business strategies, commercial transportation, business venture, economy, nigeria.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 28-32]

6)Women self-affirmation in Ama Ata Aidoo’s Changes
Author Detail:
Dr. Labo Bouché Abdou

The topic deals with Ama Ata Aidoo’s
self- affirmation and struggle lead by African women in general and Ghanaian women in particular, for the betterment of their life conditions. This Ghanaian female writer puts in exergue, male and female characters to raise the gender issue in a milieu possessed by patriarchal thought and behavior.
Women self- affirmation in Aidoo’s Changes, is discussed heading the socio- politico- economical side with an insistence on women’s rights. Through her characters, the novelist succeeded in explaining the impact of patriarchy in traditional Africa, and on both male and female characters. That is why she makes a balance by depicting a wife and her husband. This allows her to point out an important aspect of the emancipated Ghanaian women’s philosophy, which consists of fighting for equality and justice among sexes or between husband and wife, without parting with traditional family life. In short, Aidoo’s main concern is women empowerment through the respect of certain progressive African tradition and customs.
Key-words: self-affirmation, patriarchy/matriarchy, empowerment.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 33-41]

7)Les Exactions De L’administration Coloniale Dans Le Roman Africain.
Author Detail: By Dr. LABO BOUCHE ABDOU

From all the colonial systems French, British, Belgium, German and Portuguese, the French one was the object of severe criticisms by the pioneers of the African literature of the Sixties through their works.  The example of the Nigérienne Mahamadou Halilou Sabbo’s Caprices du Destin [Destiny’s Whims] (1981), the Cameroonian Ferdinand Oyono’s Houseboy (1956) and The Old Man and the Medal (1956) was edifying. These two writers, although being themselves fruits of the colonial school, succeeded to be different from the non- committed novelists by a straight out denunciation of colonial system practices, ranking from the forced labor to the exercise of power, through the famous perception of taxes. One should not be deluded, in spite of the outside differences that existed between European colonial systems, in the content, they are the same. The French Direct Rule does not envy in anything, the British Indirect Rule, as insofar their fundamental objectives are identical and similar: political domination and economic exploitation of Africans.
KEY WORDS: Colonial systems, extortions, political domination, economic exploitation.

[Download Full Paper] [Page 42-48]