Skip to content

Volume 4 , Issue 8

Open Access Journal

Volume 4, Issue 8

Impact Factor 3.582

1) From Nursing to Nursery School: The Life and Works of Harriet M. Johnson from 1900-1934.
Author Details: Jeroen Staring1 with Jerry Aldridge1Dr Jeroen Staring teaches mathematics at secondary schools in The Netherlands. His 2005 Medical Sciences dissertation describes the life, work and technique of F. Matthias Alexander. In 2013 he successfully defended a second dissertation, on the early history of the NYC Bureau of Educational Experiments.2Dr Jerry Aldridge is professor emeritus at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. He has published extensively on progressive education and women’s issues. Before returning to Birmingham, Alabama recently, he lived in Jakarta, Indonesia and New York City.

The authors wish to acknowledge assistance by archivists at Bank Street College of Education (New York City, New York) and City and Country School (New York City, New York).
Much has been written about the educational life and works of Harriet Merrill Johnson (1867-1934) involving her work as Director of the very first laboratory nursery school in the United States and her revolutionary theories about nursery education. Little to nothing has been on paper about her visiting nursing work for the Henry Street Settlement, Hartley House settlement and other institutions, her unionist work for the Women’s Trade Union League, and her landmark work with the Public Education Association of the City of New York introducing visiting teachers and Binet testing in public school education. In 1916, she was one of three founders of the Bureau of Educational Experiments, the later Bank Street College of Education, renowned for its progressive teachers and educators.

Already throughout the first two decades of the twentieth century, Harriet M. Johnson together with her life-long companion Harriet Forbes formed an out-of-the-closet lesbian couple that was non-guardedly open and straightforward about their gender leaning. For several years the Forbes-Johnson duo formed a household together with another pair of women (~ the Marot-Pratt couple). Yet, they in all probability were the first candidly lesbian couple ever to adopt a child, ‘bequeathing’ her with both their family names, ‘baptizing’ her with a combined hyphenated family name (Forbes-Johnson), and raising her in their ‘two-mother’ household.
While this case study extensively describes the life of Harriet M. Johnson during the period 1900-1920, the authors certainly did not forget to examine her 1920-1934 educational theorizing about nursery education that until today without any question has been underreported in the literature — even by Bank Street College of Education.
We cautiously remind readers that this is a descriptive article. Again, we sincerely hope that we encourage young researchers to build their analysis on this text!
Key Words: F. Matthias Alexander (1869–1955), Alice Barrows Fernandez (1878-1954), Evelyn Riggs Dewey (1889-1965), John Dewey (1859-1952), Harriet Forbes (1867-?), Mary Pauline (Polly) Forbes-Johnson (1916-2002), Patty Smith Hill (1868-1946), Harriet Merrill Johnson (1867-1934), Helen Marot (1865-1940), Mary Stuart Marot (1860-1938), Lucy Sprague Mitchell (1878-1967), Caroline Pratt (1867-1954), William Albert Wirt (1874-1938), Bureau of Educational Experiments, Gary School League, Public Education Association of the City of New York, Shirtwaist Makers’ Strike, Visiting Teachers, Women’s Trade Union League.

[Download Full Paper] [Page 01-58]


2) Personal, Social and Environmental Correlates of Sports Participation among Varsity Student-Athletes in Insurgency Ridden Areas of Northern Nigeria.
Author Details:(1)Stephen Sanaah Hamafyelto(2)Likki H. Nahshon (3)Mary Pindar Ndahi-Department of Physical and Health Education, Faculty of Education, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

Abstract: An understanding of the personal, social and environmental factors as correlates of sports participation among varsity athletes in insurgency ridden areas in Nigeria will allow for the optimizing of student-athletes participation and minimize morbidity. The purpose of this study was to discuss the personal, social and environmental factors that affect varsity student-athletes in northern Nigeria, an area ridden with insurgency for the past six years. Personal factors in this study include the demographic attributes of the student-athletes such as cognition, motives and interests. Social factors include parents, teammates, course mates, lecturers, coaches, media, policy, security and legislature. Environmental factors identified include weather, air quality, playing surfaces, proximity to safe facilities. There are evidence in research that demonstrates that sports programmes provides many positive benefits for students especially when sound educational policies and quality leadership are in place. There has been copious literature that supports the use of sports in improving personal, social and environmental factors of sport participants. Some of these include; improvement in motor skills, enhancement of normal physical, social growth and maturation, improvement of socialization, self-esteem, self-perception and psychological wellbeing.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 59-65]

3) Spelling Errors: Causes, Influence on Students’ Performance in English Language Essay Writing and Strategies for Correcting Them.
Author’s Details:Dada, Esther M. (Mrs.) Institute of Education, Faculty of Education, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti

Spelling as a language sub-skill is so important in learning any particular language. For students to excel in learning English Language and indeed all subjects (since English language is the language of instruction), they must understand and be competent in the rudiment of spelling. Unfortunately, Nigerian students of English Language seem to be deficient in the use of spelling as a sub-skill of English Language. Most of their write ups are full of spelling errors.  It also seems much is not done by the stakeholders to address the problem. This study therefore assessed errors in students essay writing, causes of these errors, the influence of these errors on student’s performance in essay writing and suggested strategies that could be used to correct them. The descriptive research design of the survey type was employed for the study. The population consisted of all secondary schools in Akure South Local Government Area of Ondo State. The sample consisted of 175 students and teachers randomly selected from 5 secondary schools (30 students and 5 teachers per school) within the population area. Two instruments were used for data collection. Students’ essay writing which served as corpus on which analysis was made to identify the pattern of spelling errors and a self constructed and validated questionnaire administered on the teachers to elicit responses on the causes, influence of errors and strategies that can be used to correct them among the students.  Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequency counts and percentages. Results showed that spelling errors found in students’ essays include, omission of letter(s), addition of letter(s), reduplication of letter(s) among others. Some of the causes of error include the fact that students don’t usually take the pain to go through their work after writing; there are few books that emphasise spelling errors in the school libraries. Appropriate recommendations are made based on the findings of the study.
Key words:
Spelling errors, Students’ performance in English language, Essay writing, Nigerian students of English language, Error analysis.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 66-70]

4)Impact of Human Resources Practices on Employee Retention: Study of Community Colleges.
Author’s Details:Dr. Muneer Ahmed Shah Associate Professor* (Marvi Mallah*, and Shabana*) M. Phil Research Scholar, *Department of Business Administration Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan

In this research  paper we consider human resources practices on employees retention, particularly we emphasis on four major aspects (1) Recruitment & hiring (2) Training & development (3) Compensation & benefits (4) Evaluation & Supervision and impact of these four aspects on employees retention. The paper describes recent trends and critically assess the practices conducted by HRM in context of these major area for employees retentions .It also presents some recent evidence on this relation in IBA community colleges. We present the small piece of new information concerned to IBA community college of Khairpur, Dadu and Noshehroferoz. We collect the data from 102 respondents of such colleges including male & females. Primary and secondary sources were used for data collection.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 71-75]

5) Organizational Outcome Priorities of bonding the Individuals to Teamwork.
Author’s Details: (1) Dr Syed Muneer Ahmed Shah (2) Mr Shoaib Hyder (3) Ms Safia Khan-(1) Associate Professor, (2,3) MS Scholar  Department of Business Administration, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur Mirs, Pakistan

Strategic management dimensions of the firms are in a continuous shift from the one to the other as per the changing tunes of time. Organizations have been searching for the measurement parameters that better describes the outcome priorities of a proposed project, so that the bonding of individuals (forming teamwork) may be effective and productive, avoiding the failure of cost of investment in the team formation and structure. The study engages four highly correlated independent variables (total quality perspective, individual learning & training, inspiring organizational challenges and effective decision making) to the dependent variable (Teamwork). The aim of the study was to sum up all teamwork outcomes and suggest for better outcome option(s) to working teams around, to commit the work as per the significance of the factor(s). A sample of 176 Engineers, working or worked in discrete teams from private and public sector was considered. The hypotheses formed are held true and there exists a significant correlation between the four independent variables to the dependent variable. PASW Statistics-18 was used to get the results with application of Linear Regression, by the help of principle components analysis (based on eigenvalue) for data analysis and interpretation of results. It is found that each of the independent variable extracted by the statistical software was completely compatible to the proposed model of the research and suggests that organizations are promoting the outcome of individual learning & training at first (81%), total quality perspective at second (78%), inspiring organizational challenges at third (74%) and finally effective decision making (65%) in bonding the individuals (teamwork).
KEYWORDS: Teamwork, Organizational Outcomes.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 76-83]


6) Role of Trust on Outsourcing Success: Study of Commercial Banks Working in Sukkur Region, Sindh.
Author’s Details:(1)Muneeza Keerio, M. Phil Research Scholar * (2)Farooque Ahmed Soomro,  M. Phil Research Scholar * (3)Dr. Syed Munir Ahmed Shah”, Associate Professor * Department of Business Administration Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan.

Trust, is recognized as heart of a partnership and has been interested topic for researchers in several disciplines. This article aims to measure its role in outsourcing success in commercial banks of Sukkur region. Primary data was collected from the commercial banks of sukkur region to test the model empirically and secondary data is used for literature review. The results confirmed that knowledge based trust & trust in vendor has significant positive relationship with outsourcing successes and strength of relationship is powerful/very much high to predict the outsourcing success that is debatable issue in all the organization private/public but especially employed in commercial banks.
Keywords: Outsourcing Success, Trust, Vendor Trust, Knowledge related Trust, Information related Trust, Commercial Banks.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 84-89]


7) Job Satisfaction and Employee Work Attitude (A Case Study of Employees Working In Commercial Banks In District Nausharo-Feroze-2015).
Author’s Details:(1)Dr: Muneer Ahmed Shah-(2)Faheem -ul-Hussain Dehraj(3)Bilawal Ali Dayo(1)Associate Professor, Department of Business Administration,Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan(2)(3)M.PHIL/MS Scholar-Department of Business Administration, Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan

Looking at the need and importance of employee’s job satisfaction for organizational success, this research was made by using workplace environment, salary, benefits and team effectiveness/work group as an independent variables for the job satisfaction, questionnaires were developed for collection of primary data from the employees of both working in public and private commercial banks at District Nausharo-feroze, SPSS 18 was used for measuring the role of  discussed above variables and concluded that salary, benefits and team effectiveness/work group positively and significantly linked with job satisfaction, while the relationship between workplace environment is adversely seen to job satisfaction, however gap is seen so large to be fulfilled by other researchers to bring light on same issue.
Key words:
Work place environment, Salary & Benefits, Team effectiveness/work group, Job satisfaction.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 90-95]


8) Assessment of Secondary School Student’s Perception and Attitude to the Study of Agriculture, Omu- Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria.
Author’s Details:(1)E.F. Fabiyi, K.S. (2)Obaniyi, J.O. Olukosi and (3)E.O. Oyawoye
College of Agricultural Sciences,Landmark  University, Omu Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria

Abstract:The study was conducted to assess the perception and attitude of secondary school students to studying agriculture as a discipline in higher institutions and suggest ways by which the subject can be made more acceptable and attractive to senior secondary school students as a future career. Twenty five secondary schools were purposively selected based on their proximity to Landmark University, Omu-Aran where the research was initiated cutting across five Local Government Areas (LGA’s) of Kwara State. One thousand senior secondary school students were used for the study (forty students from each of the twenty five schools). The age, sex and class of the respondents were considered while the respondent’s parent’s socio-economic characteristics were used because secondary school students have no property, land, capital nor personal family of their own except that of their parents. The results revealed that age, gender and class of students were significant determinants of students’ perception to agriculture at 0.05 and 0.10 significant levels respectively, while respondent’s  father’s occupation and educational level were not significant. This shows therefore that the gender and class of students are significant determinants that influence their perception towards their choice of agriculture as a future career. Moreover, teachers of agriculture should enhance students’ positive perception and attitude towards agriculture in their teaching methods so as to help students develop more interest in agricultural work or businesses which will maximize agricultural production.
Keywords: age, senior secondary students, agriculture, perception and attitude
[Download Full Paper] [Page 96-101]