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Volume 12 , Issue 08


1) Collaborative Governance Model in Integrated Management of the Bromo Tengger Semeru Tourism Area through Local Wisdom Approach
Author’s Details: ¹Sri Umiyati-Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Universitas Hang Tuah Surabaya Indonesia ²Sri Wahyuni-Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Universitas Hang Tuah Surabaya Indonesia ³Susi Ratnawati-Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Bhayangkara Surabaya Indonesia

This study aims to examine collaborative governance in the management of tourism areas based on local wisdom. The model of inter-regional cooperation (Collaborative Governance) in the management of tourist destinations needs to be developed immediately to minimize conflicts of interest, especially those based on local wisdom of the community.
This research was conducted and analyzed based on a systems thinking approach. The systems thinking approach used is a soft system methodology. This system works by examining phenomena and realities that occur in the real world based on understanding and building conceptual models as problem solving efforts carried out through a systems thinking framework. The research method is to create a collaborative governance model based on the local wisdom of the people in East Java.
The results of research from Collaborative Governance in tourism management based on local wisdom are that in the management of several tourist destinations, including integrated tourism in the Bromo Tengger Semeru area, there is still no network of cooperation, in fact there is a tendency for mutual claims between local governments regarding cross-border issues of destinations. tour. In the management of the Bromo Tengger Semeru Integrated Tourism Area based on local wisdom. Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. TNBTS (Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park) is an area formed from the area of ​​Mount Bromo, Mount Semeru and the Tengger Region where the area was formed into a national park. TNBTS is located in four administrative areas, namely in Probolinggo Regency, Malang Regency, Pasuruan Regency, and Lumajang Regency. The TNBTS Center was formed by the government with the aim of being the official manager of TNBTS with the function to manage maintenance and tourism affairs under the auspices of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK). The network of cooperation between local governments (Malang Regency, Pasuruan Regency, Lumajang Regency, and Probolinggo Regency) in the management of integrated tourist destinations in the BTS area still does not have a cooperation network.
collaborative, governance, tourism, local wisdom
[Download Full Paper] [Page 01-07]

2) Unveiling the Silent Invader: A Rare Presentation of Common Disease, Case of Laryngeal Tuberculosis in a Young Woman – Clinical Presentation, Diagnostic Challenges, and Successful Management
Author’s Details: Madegedara R.M.D1, Andradi D.P.Y2, Bandara M.G.D.N3
(1)Chair Professor of Medicine, Consultant Respiratory Physician, Respiratory Treatment Unit-2 and Research Unit, National Hospital Kandy, Sri Lanka. (2)Medical officer, Respiratory Treatment Unit-2 and Research Unit, National Hospital Kandy, Sri Lanka. (3)Research Assistant, Respiratory Treatment Unit-2 and Research Unit, National Hospital Kandy, Sri Lanka

Laryngeal tuberculosis is a rare manifestation of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis that poses diagnostic challenges due to its nonspecific symptoms. We present a case report of a 23-year- old female with laryngeal tuberculosis, emphasizing the importance of early recognition and prompt treatment to prevent complications.
The patient presented with a three-month history of hoarseness which was associated with significant weight loss. Initial investigations revealed an elevated Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), an abnormal chest x-ray showing right upper zone fibrosis and laryngeal narrowing. Fibre optic bronchoscopy revealed an edematous, ulcerated, and inflamed larynx with normal vocal cords, inflamed trachea, and Carina. Bilateral main and right upper lobe bronchi showed hyperemia and ulceration. Bronchoalveolar lavage from the right upper and lower lobes demonstrated acid-fast bacilli on microscopy and Gene-Xpert positive for Tuberculosis.
This case report highlights the significance of considering laryngeal tuberculosis as a differential diagnosis in patients presenting with persistent hoarseness, vocal cord lesions, and laryngeal oedema, especially in those with risk factors for tuberculosis. Early recognition and treatment of laryngeal tuberculosis are paramount to achieving favourable outcomes and minimizing long-term sequelae.
Common Disease, Case of Laryngeal Tuberculosis, Clinical Presentation, Diagnostic Challenges, Successful Management
[Download Full Paper] [Page 08-13]

3) Sociocultural Values and the Development of Resilient Behaviour among NSO Adolescents of the Bamenda Grass Fields of Cameroon
Author’s Details:Kili Belinda Alabeh (ME.d), Angu Rolland Nji (PhD) & Lilian, F. Wiysanyuy (PhD)
Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education, the University of Bamnda
This study looked the influence of sociocultural values on the development of resilient behaviour among Nso adolescents of the Bamenda grass fields of Cameroon. The context in which Nso adolescents develop places them under a high burden of adversities. Furthermore, the ramification of the Cameroon’s Anglophone crisis in Nso has equally created significant risks for these adolescents like post-traumatic stress and internal displacement. The ability to adapt positively after such adversities and problems is becoming quite challenging nowadays for some Nso adolescents. This study investigated how sociocultural values such as respect for elders influence the development of resilient behaviour among Nso adolescents. The study was carried out in the Nso fondom of the Bamenda grass fields of Cameroon. The study employed a convergent parallel design. The sample of the study was made up of a total of 384 adolescents and 25 parents were conveniently sampled for the study. A questionnaire was used for collection of quantitative data from Nso adolescents while a focus group discussion and interview were used to collect qualitative data from adolescents and parents respectively. Data obtained were analysed descriptively using frequencies, percentages, mean, standard deviations and multiple responses set. For inferential statistics, linear regression analysis was used to verify the hypotheses at the 0.05 level of significance. Qualitative data was analysed using thematic analysis.  Findings showed that respect for elders significantly predicted the development of resilient behaviour, and accounted for 14.5% of its variance, R2 =.145, F (1,372) = 37.56, p < 0.01. The study concluded that the solution to the challenges Nso adolescents faced when trying to navigate their way through adversities could be found in their local environment in terms resources such as sociocultural values like respect for elders. Based on the findings, it was recommended that parents, teachers, counsellors and leaders of Nso cultural development associations should socialise the adolescents in to sociocultural values like respect for elders that as it will enhance the development of resilient behaviour for those going through adversities.
Key words:
sociocultural values, respect for elders, Nso adolescents, resilient behaviour
[Download Full Paper] [Page 14-24]

4) Reinventing and Conserving the Role and Value of Philosophical Studies in Higher Education
Author’s Details: Moses Seemndze Lavngwa1 & Valentine Banfegha Ngalim2 1Moses Seemndze Lavngwa (PhD), Head of Service for Programs and Adjunct Lecturer at the Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Buea, Cameroon. 2Valentine Banfegha Ngalim (PhD), Chair of Philosophy, Higher Teacher Training College, Bambili, University of Bamenda, Cameroon. 

This paper attempts to reinvent and conserve a concise yet compelling vision of the role and value of philosophical studies or humanities in the development of higher education curricula and pedagogic methods. It is motivated by the fact that materialistic and scientific tendencies have created a certain skepticism that continues to marginalize philosophical studies in a world dominated by Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) and business. Considered as purely speculative with hair-splitting endeavours, many contend that philosophical studies or humanities in general, have no practical bearing in solving life’s problems. In seeking to deconstruct this materialistic view and to avoid the danger of academic imperialism, the paper proposes and critically analyses liberal education which embraces all kinds of knowledge as the scope of university studies. A good understanding of the concept university and the role and value of philosophical studies therein can provide adequate competencies for the competitive world of business and STEM.
Humanities, STEM; philosophical Values; liberal education; University
[Download Full Paper] [Page 25-34]

5) Marietta Johnson’s School of Organic Education and Evelyn & John Dewey’s Schools of Tomorrow Frontispiece Photo
Author Details: Jeroen Staring-Retired Dr. mult. Jeroen Staring taught mathematics at secondary schools in The Netherlands. His 2005 Medical Sciences dissertation describes the life, work and technique of F. Matthias Alexander. In 2013 he successfully defended a second dissertation, on the early history of the NYC Bureau of Educational Experiments
This case study discusses photos that illustrate two texts by E. Leslie Gilliams discussing Marietta Johnsons School of Organic Education in Fairhope, Alabama, which appeared in the April 1914 Physical Culture magazine and in the November 1915 New Priscilla magazine
Key Words
: Helen Christine Bennett (1881-1969), Evelyn Dewey (1889-1965), Lydia Jane (Newcomb) Comings (1849-1946), Dorothea DeForest (1890-1985), Marietta Louise (Pierce) Johnson (1864-1938), Mary Gordon (Wilbur) DeForest (1854-1944). Ezra DeForest (1851-1921), John Dewey (1859-1952), E. Leslie Gilliams (1885-1951), Frank Stewart (1855-1942). School of Organic Education
[Download Full Paper] [Page 35-50]

6) Blockchain for Sustainable Supply Chains: Triple Perspective Analysis
Author’s Details: Muhammad Asaf1, Muhammad Junaid iqbal2, Muhammad Hasnain3, Muhammad Abid Mehmood4, Anam Shahzadi5 1,2,3,4Department of Computer Science, Lahore Leads University, Lahore, Pakistan 5Department of Business School and Management, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan  *Corresponding Author: Muhammad Junaid Iqbal 
The emphasis has changed from financial to socio-environmental aspects in light of growing environmental concerns. The development of blockchain has transformational potential for ethical supply chains. This study examines how blockchain fits into these chains while evaluating issues of governance, social justice, and environmental protection. The research, which examined 100 publications, adheres to the triple bottom line of sustainability. There are difficulties with blockchain adoption across industries. The results demonstrate how blockchain may alter supply chains for greater sustainability via resource efficiency, accountability, smart contracts, trust-building, fraud reduction, and social effect. Managers and practitioners may learn from this research’s insights about the acceptance of blockchain technology and its successful use for sustainable supply chains.
Keywords: Sustainable supply chain; Smart contracts; Trust-building; Fraud reduction; Transformative change
[Download Full Paper] [Page 51-62]