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Volume 6, Issue 5

Open Access Journal

Volume 6, Issue 5

Impact Factor 3.582

1) Management Practice for Small Business Survival: A Qualitative Evidence of Rural Micro-Entrepreneur in Sabah, Malaysia
Author’s Details: Noor Fzlinda Fabeil1, Amer Azlan Abdul Jamal1Faculty of Business, Economics and Accountancy, Universiti Malaysia Sabah Jalan UMS, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia 2Faculty of Business, Economics and Accountancy, Universiti Malaysia Sabah Jalan UMS, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Many previous researchers found that having adequate managerial competencies including planning, organizing, directing and controlling skills in managing a business are significant predictors of firm survival. Arguably, it is assumed that micro-entrepreneurs in rural areas may have little or no managerial competencies than entrepreneur in urban areas due to their remoteness, especially in terms of constraints in formal education, infrastructure, skilled labor and motivation. Notwithstanding, despite of informal management practice among rural entrepreneurs, some of them still managed to run their business successfully through simple management. It is interesting to know how management is practiced by micro-entrepreneurs in rural area. Therefore, this paper aims to explore the management practice of micro-entrepreneur in Mengkabong Cove, Sabah, by applying the seven business management practice proposed by MacFarlane’s Model, namely planning, marketing, organizing, labor, production and operation, controlling and financial. This study involves qualitative face-to-face interview with an oyster farmer. The findings found that the respondent seemed to demonstrate several elements of management in his farming though in less formal way. In addition, the interview also found that the respondent emphasized on the importance of managing and planning things in order to avoid business loss in the future. It is hoped that this paper contributes to relevant agencies in entrepreneur development especially in rural areas to listen to entrepreneurs on the challenges and problems they face, thus could provide relevant supports or programs for them
Keywords: managerial competencies, business management practice, rural micro-entrepreneurs, Sabah, Malaysia
[Download Full Paper] [Page 01-04]

2) Revisiting the Political Will in Educational Development: The Case of Cameroon
Author Details : Valentine BANFEGHA NGALIM  (PhD), Departments of the Sciences of Education, Higher Teacher Training College, Bambili, University of Bamenda, Cameroon.

This paper sets out to inquire whether the political will enhances or obstructs educational development in Cameroon. The problem identified here is that policy making is one reality and follow-up and implementation is another. The central arguments in this paper have been articulated within the context of political science theories like the Marxist conflict theory, John Rawls theory of justice, John Dewey’s theory of democratic education, Rousseau’s social contract theory and James Banks’ multicultural education theory. Both qualitative and quantitative methods of research have been used in this study. Questionnaires, interviews and focus group discussions and participant observation constituted the research instruments. A thematic analysis supported by descriptive statistics was used to present and discuss the facts studied. This research questions the fairness in policy-making and wonders whether the political will follows the right procedures to enact relevant policies for educational growth. Findings prove that there is more to be desired as far as policy making and implementation of the policies in Cameroon is concerned. This paper concludes that in order to ensure fairness and quality in the provision of educational values, the political will has to be strong as far as justice, fairness and the provision of educational opportunities is concerned in Cameroon.
Key words
; Political will; Educational development; and Cameroon.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 05-18]

3) Falls Prevention on a Geriatirc Female with Physiotherapy –Evidence Based Case Study Report
Author’s Details: (1)Dr.S.S.Subramanian, M.P.T (Orthopaedics), M.S (Education), M. Phil (Education), Ph.D (Physiotherapy).The Principal,Sree Balaji College Of physiotherapy,Chennai – 100. Affiliated To (Bharath) University, BIHER -Chennai – 73. (2) M.SINDHUJA RAJESH.,B.P.T.,MIAP-Tutor in Physiotherapy-Sree Balaji College Of physiotherapy, Chennai – 100. Affiliated To (Bharath) University, BIHER Chennai – 73.(3) Hema. S  (4) Saranya Devi. M- III Year, B.P.T students Sree Balaji College of Physiotherapy. Bharath University, Chennai-100

Evidenced with an increasing longevity globally, especially in India health, care needs to strengthened among geriatric population. Various factors such as pain, obesity, decreased balance, living alone, effect of medication, osteoporosis can lead to fall which can devastate life of elderly.
Aims and objective:  This original case study strives to evaluate the efficacy of physiotherapy on falls prevention means of, with clinical and functional prognosis of this subject.
Materials and methodology: Specific strengthening, core and proprioceptive exercises were used with a weekly twice frequency. The subject was treated for each session with 25-30 minutes duration of exercises, during the period from October 2016 to march 2017.
Results: Pre and post mors falls prevention scale were evaluated and a 3 fold decrease in the risk for fall was recorded.
As the subject has benefited against fall by specific non- pharmacological means with physical exercises, the outcome of the study has pointed with huge impact on not only falls prevention, but an improved confidence and even enhanced quality of life of the study subject, hence evidencing specific physical therapy measures of more beneficial among elders.
Keywords:Morse falls scale, Geriatric, BMI – Body Mass Index, IADL- instrumental activities of dailylife, PRT – Progressive resisted training
[Download Full Paper] [Page 19-22]

4) The impact of Country of Origin on Perceived Quality & Value: Empirical Evidence in the automobiles industry in Iran
Author’s Details: Hasan Esmailpour 1, Mojdeh Aflaki Jobeni1Qazvin Islamic Azad University, Department of Business Management, Qazvin, Iran 2 Qazvin Islamic Azad University, Department of Business Management, Qazvin, Iran Corresponding author. E-mail:

This manuscript explores the effect of Country-Of-Origin on perceived quality & perceived value. In automotive among Iranian consumers.   Consumer attitudes to local and foreign products and the likely “country-of-origin” effect in Buy “Local” and “Made In …” companies are surveyed. So, the importance of understanding differential consumer perception and evaluation of products has been well illustrated in consumer behaviour literature. The hypotheses of this research cover four main cores. Structured questionnaires and simple random sampling were used. A sample of 381 Iranian students in Selective University evaluate perceived quality associated with the value of vehicles came from Korea and Iran. Questionnaires were distributed with simple random sampling method Data were analyzed based on Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS, V. 21). The author recommends future researchers examine the relations of the research in studies focusing on other products, markets.
Keywords: Country-Of-Origin, perceived value, perceived quality
[Download Full Paper] [Page 23-28]

5) Two Adverse Reaction Cases of Rabies Vaccination
Author’s Details: (1)Ning Tang (2)Yu Ping Pan (3)Li Mei Wang (1)Corresponding author, E-mail:  Department of Public Health, Flinders University, Australia (2)(3)Han Ting Hospital, Wei Fang, Shandong, China

Two adverse reaction cases of rabies vaccination were reported. The injection site in the buttock of a thirsty-eight-year-man reddened and swelled one day after having given the second dose of rabies vaccine. He had a low-grade fever of 38°C, skin presented flushing locally, and conjunctivas swelled. However, the symptoms were controlled, and the conditions were improved after the combined treatment of dexamethasone, antibiotic and vitamins C of three days. The injection site in the buttock of a sixty-year-man reddened and swelled one day after having given the second dose of rabies vaccine. He had a low-grade fever of 37.2°C, and skin also presented locally flushing. Nevertheless, the man recovered fully after the combined treatment of dexamethasone, antihistamines, and vitamins C of three days.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 29-32]

6) Promotional References: An Examination of Product Involvement Effects in the Retail Apparel Setting In Iran
Author’s Details:(1)Hossein Vazifehdoost  (2)Mahmood Ghanbari (1) Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Department of Business Management,Tehran, Iran  (2) Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Department of Business Management,Tehran, Iran Corresponding author. E-mail:
The aim of the current study is to examine the usage of promotional references external to and internal to the retail store setting by selected psychographic characteristics of the retail apparel consumer. A national random sample of 457 male and 170 female consumers participated in the study. Results indicate that product involvement has an effect on the internal and external promotional references used by consumers. Furthermore, results indicate that consumer’s use of promotional activities both internal and external to the retail store setting .Questionnaires were distributed with simple random sampling method Data were analyzed based on Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS, V. 21). The author recommends future researchers examine the relations of the research in studies focusing on gender and another promotional reference
Retail promotion (Internal and external promotional references); Involvement, Consumer behavior
[Download Full Paper] [Page 33-37]

7) Application Of The Method Of Finite Elements For Investigation Of The Dynamic Stress-Deformed Condition Of Pipeline Sides When Exposed To External Loads
Author’s Details:(1)Safarov Ismail Ibrahimovich –Doctor of physical and mathematical sciences, professor, Bukhara Technological Institute of Engineering, Republic of Uzbekistan.(2)Teshaev Mukhsin Khudoyberdiyevich- Candidate of Physical Mathematical Sciences, docent, Bukhara Technological Institute of Engineering, Republic of Uzbekistan.15, K. Murtazoyev Street, Bukhara city (3)Akhmedov Maqsud Sharipovich–Senior researcher, Bukhara Technological Institute of Engineering, Republic of Uzbekistan.15 K. Murtazoyev Street, , Bukhara city,(4)Ruziyev Tulqin Razzoqovich  – Teacher. Bukhara State Medical Institute names Abu Ali Ibn Sina. Department of Informatics and Biophysics.
In work with the help of the finite element method (FEM), a numerical solution of stresses and displacements in the form of graphs taking into account different boundary conditions and geometric parameters was obtained. The conducted study showed a significant effect of the accounted effects and boundary conditions on the values of dynamic characteristics and the static stability of pipelines.
Keywords: pipeline, static stability, finite elements, stresses, displacements
[Download Full Paper] [Page 38-45]

8) Vibrational Processes In Curvilinear Rods Interacting With Viscous Liquid
Author’s Details:(1)Safarov Ismail Ibrahimovich –Doctor of physical and mathematical sciences, professor, Bukhara Technological Institute of Engineering, Republic of Uzbekistan (2)Marasulov Abduraxim – Professor of the “Kazakh-Turkish” International University named after A. Yassaviy (3)Akhmedov Maqsud Sharipovich–Senior researcher, Bukhara Technological- Institute of Engineering Republic of Uzbekistan (4)Ruziyev Tulqin Razzoqovich  – Teacher. Bukhara State Medical Institute names Abu Ali Ibn Sina. Department of Informatics and Biophysics.
The paper the proper and forced steady oscillations of a curvilinear rod interacting with a viscous fluid is considered. On the basis of the principle of possible displacements, solving systems of partial differential equations and corresponding boundary conditions, we form mathemtical problem. The problem was solved numerically by the method of orthogonal drift  of Godunov  and Mueller’s method, the natural frequencies of oscillations is founded, and  are compared with the results of the experiment.
Keywords: o
scillations, viscous fluid, curved rod, orthogonal sweep, possible displacements, natural frequency
[Download Full Paper] [Page 46-59]

9) Numerical Solution Of The Problem Of The Influence Of A Plane Nonstationary Elastic Wave On Cylindrical Bodies
Author’s Details:(1)Safarov Ismail Ibrahimovich –Doctor of physical and mathematical sciences, professor, Bukhara Technological Institute of Engineering, Republic of Uzbekistan (2)Kuldashev Nasriddin Urinovich – Associate professor at the Tashkent State University. The departments of “higher mathematics” (3)Ochilov Sherali Baratovich-Associate Professor. Bukhara Technological- Institute of Engineering Republic of Uzbekistan (4)Ruziyev Tulqin Razzoqovich  – Teacher. Bukhara State Medical Institute names Abu Ali Ibn Sina. Department of Informatics and Biophysics.

In this paper the effect of a nonstationary wave on cylindrical bodies with circular and rectangular cross sections is considered. The problem is solved in a flat setting, by a numerical method (FEM). Numerical results were obtained under the influence of the load by the single functions of Heuside.
Key words: w
ave, Heuside functions, numerical method, triangular element, viscous boundary.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 60-70]

10) Political Marginalization and Political Participation among Poly-Ethnic Immigrant Minorities In South-West, Nigeria
Author Details: Olugbenga, Ebenezer Olatunji (Ph.D.) Ekiti State University,Ado Ekiti, Nigeria.

This study explores the nexus between political marginalization and political participation among residents of three polyethnic Igbira minority-populated communities in Ekiti, Ondo and Osun states of the Yoruba-speaking South-West, Nigeria. Drawing samples from these communities, the paper explores how the themes of marginalization, social exclusion, political power and powerlessness affect political participation by these groups and mediate communal access to distributive public goods by these communities. The study utilizes the social survey method of interview to assess the level of political participation by members of these polyethnic minority-dominated communities and its outcomes, such as political representation, access to social amenities and overall development. The study finds that social exclusion and political marginalization of the Igbira ethnic minority by the dominant Yoruba ethnic group has led to political alienation and cynicism by the Igbira ethnic group. This is in addition to lack of or insufficient provision of public utilities for such communities, a surprising development given the close geographical affinity of these minority-dominated communities to the state capitals which are the major political and administrative centres of their Yoruba-dominated host states. This finding is surprising, given the existence of decades of agricultural production and exchange relations between the Igbira-minority dominated communities and the adjoining Yoruba-majority dominated state capitals. The study examines the implications of the findings for ethnic relations in multi-ethnic societies; the consolidation of democracy in Nigeria and other African states that are composed of many ethnic nationalities yet desires ethnic cohesion and development through the instrumentality of representative democracy.
Political Marginalization; Political Participation; Poly-ethnic Immigrant Minorities, Social Exclusion
[Download Full Paper] [Page 71-77]

11) Understanding Enforcement of Flow of Processes in Operating Systems
Author’s Details: Dr. Zaffar Ahmed Shaikh1, Dr. Intzar Ali Lashari2
1Assistant Professor, Faculty of CS & IT, Benazir Bhutto Shaheed University, Lyari, Karachi

2Assistant Professor, Institute of Business Administration, University of Sindh, Jamshoro
The core functionality of Operating Systems (OSs) is to keep flow of processes or execution of system running. The OS enforces flow of execution and smooth running of processes through implementing several hardware techniques, software applications and algorithms. This paper discusses those techniques in detail. The functionality of OS from context switching level to hardware issues, threats and their solutions have been explained and examined. Thus, it helps to understand how flow of processes has been enforced in OSs through several basic level core steps to advanced third party applications.
Keywords: data flow, device management, memory management, operating system, processes, process flow, process management

[Download Full Paper] [Page 78-86]

12) HMM-based Automatic Speech Recognition Systems: A survey
Author’s Details: 1Rajota Kharwal, 1Dil Nawaz Hakro, 2Intzar Lashari, 1Tuba Qureshi, 1Maryam Hameed
1Institute of Information and Communication Technology, University of Sindh, Jamshoro,Pakistan

2Institute of Business Administration, University of Sindh, Jamshoro,Pakistan
Corresponding emails:,
Natural language processing enables computer and machines to understand and speak human languages. Speech recognition is a process in which computer understand the human language and processes further instructions as per recognition of the human language. The human language varies so the machine or computer needs entirely different algorithms as the human languages differ in various aspects, such as sounds, phonemes, words, meanings and much more. Understanding human language is a challenging job and for this purpose Hidden Markov Models are used commonly as they possess promising results in understanding human language. A survey of various researches employing Hidden Markov models is presented to highlight the importance of HMM in the process of speech recognition.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 87-91]

13) Role of Optical Fiber Technology in Grating Mechanical and Biochemical Sensors
Author Details: Gulzar Ahmed khoso-Assistant Professor-Shah Abdul latif University Khairpur Mirs

The current research investigates the role of grating mechanical and biochemical seniors. fiber Bragg grating (TFBG) has a grating period similar to that of a regular fiber Bragg grating (FBG), i.e. roughly one third of the wavelength (in glass fibers) but grating planes that are weakly tilted relative to the fiber axis. Similar to LPGs, this tilt enables strong coupling between the core mode and select cladding modes but the phase matching condition is different, as the resonance wavelength depends on the SUM of the effective indices (the corresponding theory was developed by Erdogan et al. at Roche-ster University in the US [39–41] and in many other follow up papers [42–53]). This makes resonance positions much less sen-sitive to perturbations but much more controllable in real appli-cations.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 92-96]

14) Success Factors of Customer Relationship Management (CRM) Implementation in Higher Education Institutions: Case Study of MUET, Sindh
Author’s Details: Paras Rani Mahar1, Intzar Ali Lashari1 , Salar Hussain1, Aaliya Asalm1
1 Institute of Business Administration University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan

Corresponding Author E.mail:
Higher education Institution (HEIs) around the globe is presently experiencing imperative changes to how they cooperate with the understudies, administration, faculty members and students. The majority of these establishments Concentrate for the most part on approaches to decrease costs and be powerful in the way they react to customer needs, and in this way pick up an aggressive Feature. Many of institutions, the concept of customer relationship management (CRM) is one, especially the education market becomes more competitive. There is a strong system of customer relationship management can help organizations gain unexpected, but important, advantage in high market higher education competitive. Ultimately, all of these factors combine to provide students with a sense of greater value. Customer relationship management (CRM) is a terminology that represents a business strategy built around the concept of improving customer services. CRM aims to increase customer satisfactions and thus increases the business income. It has been observed that the CRM not exploited on a large scale among the under developing countries such as Pakistan, especially in the higher education institutions higher education institutions (HEIs).Our findings suggest that a clear understanding of student life cycle will be more likely to adopt CRM. We propose that a fit between the choice of CRM goal strategic versus transactional CRM and organizational factors will help determine the continuous adoption of CRM by higher education users. This study examines why the critical success factors of CRM implementation , which HIEs especially in the MUET  In the Engineering University  have  look to implement CRM and help them achieve their goals system. Keywords: CRM, Customer Relationship Management, Higher Education Institutions, HEIs, MUET, Pakistan
[Download Full Paper] [Page 97-106]