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Volume 5, Issue 12

Open Access Journal

Volume 5, Issue 12

Impact Factor 3.582

1) The Encountered Challenges in Preparation Process of Kütahya Conservation Plan.
Author’s Details: (1) Fatih EREN (2) Hülya SAĞLAM
1Dr.,City and Regional Planning, Faculty of Architecture, Selcuk University, Alaaddin Keykubat Campus, 42033, Turkey 2Senior Urban Planner,Seydi Kemer, Fethiye, Muğla, 48850, Turkey

The purpose of this work is to find answer to the question of what kind of challenges are encountered in the preparation process of a conservative plan. The preparation process of Conservation Revision Plan of Kütahya Historical City Center has been examined in detail from the perspective of the planning authorities. Case study, literature review, document analysis and in-depth interview methods were used in this study. The fact that the Kütahya Historical Conservation Area does not have a current base map, the absence of archival records giving accurate information on structures in the historic area, negative effects of the master plan decisions on the protection practices taken against the planning area and environment, bureaucratic problems and lack of conservation in public opinion and in stakeholders have been of the difficulties in the preparation process of Kütahya historical city center conservation plan. Research findings give ideas to the competent authorities about the precautions that should be taken before starting the making of a conservation plan and to guide the plan makers. The question of how to obtain a conservation plan that is more qualified and fully responding to needs is an answer to this study.
Keywords: Kütahya, Historical City Centre, Conservation Plan, Challenges.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 01-08]

2) Mycotic Pseudoaneurysm of the Tibioperoneal Trunk and Posterior Tibial Artery.
Author’s Details: (1)Gustavo Alves Schaitza, MD-Hospital Marcelino Champagnat,Av. Presidente Affonso Camargo, 1399, Curitiba-PR, Brazil (2)Paula Costa-Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná – PUC-PR R. Imaculada Conceição, 1155, Curitiba-PR, Brazil (3)José Rocha Faria Neto-Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná – PUC-PR R. Imaculada Conceição, 1155, Curitiba-PR, Brazil (4)Júlio César Francisco-Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná – PUC-PR R. Imaculada Conceição, 1155, Curitiba-PR, Brazil (5)Luiz César Guarita-Souza, MD, PhD-Correspondent author – Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná – PUC-PR R. Imaculada Conceição, 1155, Curitiba-PR, Brazil Hospital Marcelino Champagnat, Av. Presidente Affonso Camargo, 1399, Curitiba-PR, Brazil Rua Rosa Kaint Nadolny 190 ap 501 CEP: 81200-525 Curitiba PR Brazil

Mycotic aneurysms are an uncommon complication of infective endocarditis. Aneurysms located in the infrapopliteal arteries are very rare. We report a case of a 37-year-old male patient presenting cough, fever, night sweats, shortness of breath and weight loss, who acutely developed a sharp pain and edema in his right calf, firstly diagnosed as a deep venous thrombosis. Further investigation of his symptoms identified its etiology as an infective endocarditis. Antibiotic therapy was initiated. However, the patient’s clinical condition deteriorated and he was submitted to an aortic valve and a mitral replacement successfully. The leg pain and edema persisted after the surgical procedure and the investigation continued. A Doppler ultrasound test and an angiography revealed a pseudoaneurysm located in the right tibioperoneal trunk and in the upper third of the posterior tibial artery. The pseudoaneurysm was treated through endovascular percutaneous embolization and with two Gugliemi detachable coils
Keywords: Mycotic aneurysm, pseudoaneurysm, infective endocarditis, septic embolization, tibioperoneal trunk.

[Download Full Paper] [Page 09-14]

3) Lumbar Dorsal Hemivertebra – A Case Report.
Author’s Details: (1) Suresh Rao (2) Siva Konduru  (3)T. Ramesh Rao
(1) (3) Department of Preclinical Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of The West Indies, St. Augustine Trinidad & Tobago (2)Consultant Radiologist, Medical Imaging Department, Sangre Grande General Hospital, Trinidad and Tobago.

Hemivertebra is one of the rare congenital vertebral anomalies commonly occurs in lumbar and thoracic spine, in which only one side of the vertebral body develops, resulting in deformation of the vertebral column such as scoliosis, kyphosis or lordosis. A hemivertebra acts as a wedge within the vertebral column, resulting in curvature away from the side on which it is present.Review of literature shows that the incidence of hemivertebra is estimated at 0.5-1.0 per 1000 births, with higher incidence for females compared with males (1&2)Hemivertebra may be associated with other congenital anomalies, which have been reported to be present in 61% of patients (3 & 4) 
[Download Full Paper] [Page 15-18]

4) The Impact of Biodiversity, Flora and Fauna on Sustainable Development in Vlora Bay.
Author Details: Dr.Dafina Nazaj-University “Reald”, Vlora, Albania

Wetland ecosystems are very present in the Albanian coast, where numerous activities occurring natural and economic. They are characterized not only by high biodiversity and productivity, but also from a wide variety of flora and fauna habitats. Most of the wetlands are focused on the Adriatic coast, where lies the Bay of Vlora, which is an ecosystem and a very important habitat, creates a diversity of biological diversity and its special characteristics. Various scientific studies that have been the main goal of bringing an integrated approach to territorial development and tourism potential, in accordance with existing sectoral strategies and regional implementation of contemporary models of economic development, have played an important role in the drafting of wetland management plans, enabling ecological and environmental assessments and evaluation of sustainable development opportunities in these ecosystems.
The object of this article is to address the role of biodiversity, flora and fauna in sustainable development and in particular in the development of sustainable tourism in the Bay of Vlora, one of the most prominent areas in Albania. In our analysis we have dealt with the current state of marine and terrestrial habitats, where identifying problems and determining measures for their rehabilitation occupy a special place. This situation has worsened during the transition period as a result of human pressures on habitats, such as illegal construction, soil erosion, landslides, problems with sewage from buildings constructed in these areas, etc. These problems can be reduced or even eliminated through the application of efficient policies for sustainable development.
ecosystem, habitat, flora, fauna, sustainable development, strategy, environment.
[Download Full Paper] [Page 19-23]

5) Impact of National Standards Development on Imports Performance in Indonesia – International Standards Adoption as Variable Control.
Author’s Details: (1) Biatna Dulbert Tampubolon (2)Febrian Isharyadi
(1) Chair of Innovation Economics, VWS2, TU Berlin, Marchstraße 23, D-10587 Berlin, Germany-(2)National Standardization Agency of Indonesia (BSN), Jl Thamrin 8, Jakarta Pusat, 10340, Indonesia
The increase of the trade value between countries indicates that economic activities in the world are dynamic since global recession. Indonesia as a developing country has a policy to develop national standards to protect their citizens and market from inferior import products and to produce more competitive products of Indonesian origin. In this article, the effect of the national standards development and the adoption of international standards on import value has been analysed. The results show that the imports in some sectors are strongly correlated and significant with national standards development. It was also found that a strong and significant correlation of the adoption of international standards with the import value performance exists in agriculture product (ICS 65) and mining and minerals product (ICS 73).
Keywords: national standard, adoption of international standard, coefficient correlation, import value, economic benefit, variable control.

[Download Full Paper] [Page 24-34]

6) Measuring Mental Health Literacy of Teacher: A Pilot Study.
Author’s Details: (1) Agar Almeida (2) Paulo Pinheiro (3)Orkan Okan (4)Anabela Pereira (5)Edgar Mesquita (1)University of Aveiro, Department of Education and Psychology, Campus Universitário, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal –(2)Bielefeld University, Faculty of Educational Science, Universitätsstraße 25, 33615 Bielefeld, Germany – (3)Bielefeld University, Faculty of Educational Science, Universitätsstraße 25, 33615 Bielefeld, Germany
(4)University of Aveiro, Department of Education and Psychology, Campus Universitário, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
(5)University of Minho, Department of Mathematics and Applications, Campus Azurém, 4800-045 Guimarães, Portugal
Abstract: Suicidal behaviors of children and young people are a major public health concern. In Portugal, the increasing awareness of this problem is well reflected by the implementation of the first national suicide prevention plan from 2013 to 2017. One of its main goals is to increase information and education about mental health in schools. By use of a setting approach and empowerment strategies, we pretend to develop the teachers’ and educators’ skills to adequately handle with new situations. To analyse the psychometric characteristics of instrument designed to assess mental health of Portuguese teachers. The instrument has been developed to monitor the learning results of teacher training in a massive open online course (MOOC). Teachers (n=1144) were recruited online by using a link from the platform Qualtrics. Informed consent was obtained before enrolment in the study. Items of the questionnaire Mental Health Literacy QLSM were developed after a screening of literature and exploratory studies. The statistical program SPSS 22 was used for data analysis. Descriptive statistics was complemented with inferential statistics by application of the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO>0.60) and Bartlett`s tests of sphericity (p<0.001). Exploratory factor analysis of QLSM in five factors and 51.1% of variance explained and KMO was .919. The results show adequate psychometric characteristics of the instrument, indicating high content validity and reliability, and good internal consistency for the questionnaire. This allows the use of QLSM in future teacher training programmes
Keywords: psychometric tests, questionnaires, teacher training, mental health literacy
[Download Full Paper] [Page 35-40]

7) Gender Gap Impact on Global Competitiveness in Iran through Studying Selected Middle East Countries.
Author’s Details: Goldis Mansouri Bakvand, Zahra Boroumand, Ph.D
Human capital and the effect it has on the economic growth of countries have been the focus point of economists in the past few decades. There has been a serious consideration over the uneven distribution of the two genders amongst the human capital and the effect this has on the economic growth. Experimental evidence from different countries reveals that Gender Inequality paralyses the economic functionality of the countries, deteriorates their ability to take advantage of their potentials, and finally, it slows down the economic growth and efficiency as well as the pace of the human development. The aim of the current research is to analyze the status of the Gender Inequality in Iran and to compare it with seven Middle Eastern countries and then to evaluate the Gender Gap trend and its impact on Global Competitiveness in Iran, utilizing the data from the Gender Gap Report and Global Competitiveness Report from 2006 to 2015. The data from the Gender Gap Report and the Global Competitiveness Report submitted in the World Economy Forum were also used to examine the link between Gender Gap and Iran’s Global Competitiveness. The results show that, despite some improvements in certain areas, the Gender Equality condition in the country is not acceptable compared with the other countries studied in the research between 2006 and 2015. Iran was ranked 141 in Economic Participation and opportunities, 106 in Educational Attainment, 99 in survival and health, and 137 in political achievements among 145 countries in 2015.
Key words: Women’s empowerment, Gender Gap, Economic Participation and opportunities, Political Empowerment, Health and Survival, Educational Attainment, Global Competitiveness
[Download Full Paper] [Page 41-62]

8) Impact of Innovation in Services Organization (marketing agencies).
Author’s Details: (1)Muhammad Bilal Tariq (2)Rizwan Fareed (3)Rabia Mian (4)Hafiz Muhammad Nauman (5)Hassan Jalil (6)Naeem Ud Din –(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6) University Of Gujrat Sub Campus Lahore

The purpose of this article is to discover how the innovation in services area impact on an organization. Organizational lifestyles depends upon business profitability greater the business is worthwhile greater its existence will increase. At the same time as business profitability depends upon consumer pleasure in each form of an employer whether the business is production, buying and selling, or offerings offering. Whether or not it’s miles small or big, so for the pleasure of current customer and enchantment of recent consumer your services ought to be sturdy. Innovation is one in every of five drivers of productiveness among skills, investment, corporation, and completion (Pryce, june 2007) that is the precise feature of entrepreneurship whether or not in an current business, public service institution or sole proprietorship. It is the method wherein entrepreneur creates new matters or make dependable changing’s in present phenomena. There is a great deal confusion about the right definition of entrepreneurship and innovation. Some humans refers this time period to small commercial enterprise, others refer it to all new companies. In practice, however, many well-installed organizations have interaction in exceptionally successful entrepreneurship. The term, then, prefers not to an organization’s length or age however to a certain kind of activity. at the coronary heart of that activity is innovation the effort to create reason- complete, targeted alternate in an business enterprise’s financial or social potential (Drucker, 1998)
[Download Full Paper] [Page 63-79]

9) The Effect of Country of Origin and Product Evaluation on Purchase Intention.
Author’s Details: (1)Hasan Esmailpour (2)Pardis Khajeh Marjan Tabrizi-(1)Qazvin Islamic Azad University, Department of Business Management, Qazvin, Iran (2) Qazvin Islamic Azad University, Department of Business Management, Qazvin, Iran

The main purpose of this study is to explore the influence of the country-of-origin, product quantity and product involvement on consumer purchase intension in mobile phone. Structured questionnaires and simple random sampling were used. Samples were collected from students in Selective University in the Iran. A total of 400 questionnaires were distributed with simple random sampling method Data were analyzed based on Partial Least Squares using PLS. The main objectives of this study are to explore the influence of country of origin (COO) relative to other product attributes in consumers’ evaluation of domestic and foreign products hypothesis. The main findings demonstrate that the country-of-origin, product quality and product involvement all have a significantly positive effect on consumer purchase decision in foreign product (mobile phone) compare to local goods.

Keywords: Country-of-origin; perceived quality; purchase intention
[Download Full Paper] [Page 80-85]

10) Research Paper on Cache Memory.
Author’s Details: (1) Pooja Agarwal (2) Prerna Mangla  (3)Preeti Kumari (1)Department of Computer Science & Engg. Dronacharya College of Engg. Gurgaon, Haryana, India (2)Department of Computer Science & Engg. Dronacharya College of Engg. Gurgaon, Haryana, India (3)Department of Computer Science & Engg. Dronacharya College of Engg. Gurgaon, Haryana, India

Cache memory is a memory which is used by the central processing unit in a computer to reduce the burden on the main access memory. Cache memory stores all the recent instructions and this is the only reason it is nearest to CPU. It lies in the path between processor and memory and this is the only reason why it use less time to access memory than main memory. Ere cache uses 100ns speed main memory uses 700 ns speed. The subject of using the data is displayed by a factor that is named hit ratio. In this paper, a new process for increasing the hit ratio is introduced which is referred to as the programmable cache memory. This method is a grouping of both the physical and logical approach, i.e., in adding together to use a high speed SRAM, a programmable logical circuit is added to the cache manager in order to increase the hit ratio. In the paper we have thrown light on cache working that the very basic functioning of the processor. We have also reached the topic discussing the cache memories in uniprocessors.  Besides we have discussed the directory protocols used in cache where main protocol is snoopy protocol. And at last we have gone through cache consistencies that is how it works in tough times. And at last we have concluded with some important points.
Hit Ratio, Locality Of Reference, Programmable Cache Memory, Snoopy Protocols, Cache Coherence, Cache Consistency
[Download Full Paper] [Page 88-93]

11) The Impact of Interest Rate,Exchange Rate, Inflation and Balance Of Trade on Public Debt: Evidence from Pakistan
Author’s Details: (1)Ghulam Asghar Phulpoto (2)Dr. Irfan Ali Mirani (3)Mohammad Asif channa
(1)M. Phil scholar, Department of Business Administration, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur mirs, Sindh, Pakistan. (2)Assistant Professor, Department of Business Administration, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur mirs, Sindh, Pakistan (3)Lecturer in Commerece, Education and Literacy Department. Government of Sindh

With the gradual rise in public expenditures and minimum capital generation in various developing states, different governments have reinstated towards domestic and foreign debt. For making the payment of interest and principal may increase the demand for international currency which can affect the exchange rate and inflation trend of the country. However, this research investigates the impact of interest rate, exchange rate, the balance of trade and inflation on governmental debt in Pakistan. The results confirm that interest rate, balance of trade and exchange rate have significant positive effect on the public debt. The sign of coefficient for inflations shows the negative impact of inflation on public debt however, the results are statistically insignificant. Hence it is recommended that government should pursue those projects which yield positive return so that the outstanding interest on debt and part of principal may easily be paid in time in order to avoid chances of financial distress.
Keywords: Public debt, inflation, balance of trade, exchange rate, and interest rate
[Download Full Paper] [Page 94-102]

12) Impacts of Financial Management Standard Operating Policies’ Implementation on the Organization’s Internal Controls and Donor Aids
Author’s Details: (1)Naeemuddin Shaikh-MS scholar, Department of Business Administration Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur (2)Dr. Irfan Ali-Assistant Professor, Department of Business Administration Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur (3)Mazhar Uddin Shaikh-M. Phil Scholar, Department of Economics Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur

Non-Governmental Organizations are dependent on the donor funding, and donor(s) demands strong internal controls. Fewer funds less sustainability more funds more sustainability.
This study investigates the impact of FMSOPs financial management policies over internal control and donor aids and why these are necessary for the organization development. For analysis primary data collected from 191 respondents and five point’s Likert scale method used. Data collected from NGOs experienced staff. This study concluded that financial management standard operating policies strongly and significantly related to internal controls and donor aids. Organization assessment is the part of donor agencies before making partnerships. Therefore, it is recommended to implement the FMSOPs in NGOs for transparency and earning donors’ trust.
Key Words:
Financial Management, Standard Operating Policies, Internal Controls, Donor Aids, Non-Governmental Organizations
[Download Full Paper] [Page 103-111]